Events that cause decease. hurt and harm to belongings and substructure are known as natural jeopardies. Volcanic eruptions can fleetly go natural jeopardies which can rapidly take to major loss of life and widespread harm. Primary jeopardies that are associated with vents include ; pyroclastic flows. Tephra. Lava flows and volcanic gases. Pyroclastic flows are moving ridges of really hot gases and tephra with flow with high speeds. The pyroclastic flow that was seen at the eruption of Mount St Helens. USA in 1980 was a consequence of dense gas and ash combinations. It travelled a sum of 25km North of the vent and had a top temperature of 700’c. The flow was slowed down by ridges around the vent but it contributed to a $ 450 million in amendss to forestry. Tephra – the solid stuff that is ejected in a volcanic eruption of changing grain size ( these can be volcanic bombs or ash ) can frequently be found in the pyroclastic flows.

The ash can wing for long period of clip. for illustration the ash that was erupted from the Mount Pinatubo eruption of 1991 was tracked by orbiters traveling round the Earth several times. Lava flows are normally found in Iceland and Hawaii. They can be halted by spraying cold H2O on them ( Heimaey. Iceland ) but most of unstoppable. In 1990 a lava flow from Puu Oo crater in Hawaii buried the small town of Kalapana. When they can’t be stopped they create 1000000s of dollars in harm and terrible loss of life. After the primary jeopardies can come more jeopardies that are triggered by the volcanic eruption.

Secondary jeopardies include lahars. J?kulhlaups ( deluging ) and volcanic landslides that can take to tsunamis. Lahars occurs when heavy rain starts to fall every bit good as ash or when the release of crater lakes mix with pyroclastic flows. These are mixtures of H2O. stone. sand. clay and ash that flow down the vales taking off from the vent. Lahars are fast traveling. can flux long distances and unluckily follow the vale in which colonies and populations are frequently found. The lahars that occurred in the USA after Mount St Helens eruptions flowed into the Columbia River and reduced its deepness from 40 pess to 14 pess. This besides occurred at the transporting canal to Portland which was blocked by the sediment deposition and 31 ships were stranded.