Introduction

Located in South East Asia and bordered by Thailand in the North and Singapore and Indonesia in the South, Malaysia belongs to a group of successfully incorporate developing states. As a underdeveloped state, it aims to accomplish the position of a developed state by 2020 and because of that the labour of Malaysia will necessitate to more higher accomplishment workers. Human resource development focused on making endowment through accomplishments and competences of human resources. A great trade of research focal points on emerging imbalanced labour market tendencies is that polarized accomplishment construction. Many different possible causes are proposed, including information engineerings and globalisation ( trade ) . Malaysia authorities program to develop a cognition society, in the Third Outline Perspective Plan ( OPP3 ) , Malaysia is constructing up a knowledge-based economic system and is working towards set uping a knowledge-based work force. Harmonizing to Peter Drucker, cognition workers are those work chiefly requires usage of mental power instead than musculus power. In effect, employment growing has quickly increased. Labour and skill deficits became more evident in the late eightiess. Increasingly, immigrant labor has made inroads into agribusiness, family services, and building. Health is cardinal to good being, and instruction is indispensable for a satisfying and honoring life. Between old ages 2002 until 2007, alterations demand for skilled, semiskilled and unskilled workers in the instance of Malaysia is immense.

Malayan labor market was transformed from holding a primary sector base to being industrially based during the 1980s and 1990s. Changes in employment forms and rapid occupation growing in the fabrication sector contributed to a tightening of the labor market in Malaysia ( World Bank, 1995 ; Sixth Malaysia Plan, 1995 ; Seventh Malaysia Plan, 2000 ) . Get downing from January 2001, the Malayan authorities encouraged professionally qualified and skilled Malaysians working abroad to return to work in Malaysia. Malaysia ‘s accomplishment development scheme has, until late, focused chiefly on increasing the supply capacity of public instruction and preparation establishments to run into the accomplishment needs of industry ( World Bank, 1995 ) . In order to spread out the supply of skilled workers, the Malayan authorities increased the portion allocated to industrial preparation from 4.9 per centum in the Sixth Malaysia Plan to 9.3 per centum under the Seventh Malaysia Plan and to 16.6 per centum during the Eighth Malaysia Plan. Four Advanced Technology Training Centres were set up under the Manpower Department to hike the figure of skilled workers in labour market in 2000.

As has been good documented in developed states, particularly in the U.S and the UK, increasing employment portion of skilled workers are due to the factors implicit in displacements in the comparative demand for accomplishments, viz. , trade and engineering. As respects engineering, the statement is based on the hypothesis of skilled colored technological alteration ( SBTC ) . Increasing information engineering ( IT ) is furthering the comparative productiveness of more educated workers and the employment portions of skilled workers. In 1997, Mahathir, the former Prime Minister, opened the Multimedia Asia Conference and Exhibition Centre to foreground the importance of IT in transforming Malaysia into a to the full developed state by the twelvemonth 2020. The MSC was created to travel Malaysia into the information age under the Seventh Malaysia Plan which implemented the Leapfrog programme to accomplish the Vision 2020 mark. Under the Seventh Malaysia Plan ( 1996-2000 ) the state allocated RM2.3 ( ?0.38 million ) to IT programmes, including set uping substructure preparation and web installings. The authorities farther earmarked RM400 ( ?66 million ) to spread out the capacity of a web operated by the Malaysian Institute of Microelectronic Systems ( MIMOS ) , subsequently called the Joint Advanced Research Networking [ JARING ] ) . In the Eighth Malaysia Plans ( 2001-2005 ) and Ninth Malaysia Plans ( 2006-2010 ) , advancing the construct of globalization, and widening the usage of IT in instruction, authorities sections and rural countries. However, even amongst those economic experts who favour SBTC as an account of the altering nature of pay and employment constructions, there are still dissensions about whether this originates from trade-related factors ( and is sector biased ) or whether its impact is factor-biased impacting peculiar groups of workers. Alternatively, there is the statement that the alterations observed arise because of alterations in the form of trade and are non skill-biased.

Therefore, this survey sets out to measure and research the nature and causes of skill derived functions on instruction and wellness sector in the instance of Malaysia. The paper is organized in five subdivisions. Following subdivision we will brief instruction and wellness sector in Malaysia economic system. Section two informations and methodological analysiss used to analyze the significance of trade and engineering to finding the alteration accomplishment workers on two chief sector as instruction and wellness. Section three presented consequences and subdivision five the paper wraps up with a decision.

Data And Methodology

Datas

The information usage in this survey were collected during period 2002 until 2007 from Household Income Survey ( HIS ) release by Malaysia Department of Statistics. The study is conducted on a sample footing, where are choices of family are done on a random footing, which based on the sampling frame of the Department of Statistics, Malaysia. The sample informations collected for individuals aged 15 – 64 old ages which is sample size of selected life quaters is around 100,000.[ 1 ]Population coverage is entire population in private life quarters and therefore excludes individuals shacking in establishments such as hotels, infirmaries, prisons, get oning houses and military barracks. We use the HIS starting in twelvemonth 2002 and stoping in 2007 because we want to concentrate on the recent informations and the handiness of informations. There is no HIS study done in twelvemonth 2000[ 2 ]. We do non cover the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s is because variable definitions and measuring in that old ages informations are different from that for later old ages which can non be reconciled. A two-stage graded sample design has been adopted for the study and screens both the urban and rural countries in Malaysia. During the 2007 study, approximately 40,000 families were selected and stand for approximately 82.5 % ( 33,000 ) male and 17.5 % ( 7,000 ) female samples. The samples consist of employees aged 15-64, working either in the populace or in the private sector and full-time equivalent.

As we ask before, this survey focal point on instruction and wellness sector because wellness is cardinal to good being, and instruction is indispensable for a satisfying and honoring life and this two sector treated together because of their close relationship. The reason of concentrating on these two groups is ascribed by the fact that Malaysia is traveling towards high income

Table 3.1: Percentage Distribution of Employed Persons By Industry

Class of Industries

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Sum

100

100

100

100

100

100

Agribusiness, runing and forestry

13.8

13.2

13.3

13.5

13.4

13.6

Fishing

1.1

1.1

1.3

1.1

1.2

1.1

Mining and quarrying

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.4

0.4

Manufacturing

21.7

21.6

20.3

19.8

0.3

18.8

Electricity, gas and H2O supply

0.5

0.6

0.6

0.6

20.3

0.6

Construction

9.5

9.5

8.9

9

0.7

8.8

Sweeping and retail trade ; fix of motor vehicles, bikes and personal and family goods

15.7

16.1

16.1

16.1

8.8

16.2

Hotels and eating houses

6.5

6.5

7

6.7

16.1

7.2

Transportation Storage and Communications

5.2

4.9

5.3

5.4

7

5.1

Fiscal intermediation

2.5

2.3

2.4

2.5

5.3

2.7

Real estate, rental and concern activities

4.2

4.1

4.6

4.6

2.4

5.3

Public disposal and defense mechanism ; mandatory societal security

7

6.8

6.9

7.3

4.9

6.8

Education

5.3

6

6.1

6

6.6

6

Health and societal work

2

2.2

2

2.1

5.8

2.3

Other community, societal and personal service activities

2

2.2

2.3

2.3

2.2

2.5

Private Families with employed individual

2.8

2.6

2.6

2.6

2.5

2.6

Beginning: Department of Statistics, Malaysia ( DOS )

economic system as instruction is cardinal factor for these mission. In the fact, this tendency is already seeable, when looking at the lifting Numberss of the employment on instruction and wellness industry over the period 2002 to 2008 ( see table 3.1 ) . In 2006 several sectors occurred increasing in the figure of employed individual, particularly services such as hotels, Financial intermediation and wellness because concentrations of the Malayan economic system support to new beginnings of growing and strong domestic demand at that clip ( economic Report, midterm reappraisal of RMK-9 ) .

Education sector on this survey will be cover five Division ( see table 3.2 ) includes pre-primary and primary instruction, secondary instruction, higher instruction, other instruction ( specific to diversion and athletics ) and other instruction. This survey non considered for instruction support services like non-instructional services that support educational procedure such as consulting, educational counsel guidance services, educational proving rating services and organisational of pupil exchange plans because restriction of the informations.

Table 3.2: Bomber Industries On Education

Section

Division

Description

Education

Pre-primary and Primary Education

Pre-primary Education ( Public )

Pre-primary Education ( Private )

Primary Education ( Public )

Primary Education ( Private )

Secondary Education

General Secondary Education

Technical and Vocational Secondary Education

Higher Education

College and University Education ( Public )

College and University Education ( Private )

Other Education ( Sport and Recreation )

Music and Dancing

Other Education

Driving School

Beginnings: Malaysia Standard Industrial Classification ( MSIC ) 2008, Malaysia,[ 3 ]Department of statistics

The Health sectors are devided into the undermentioned two subdivision is that human wellness and societal plant activities ( see table 3.3 ) . Activities include a broad scope of activities, get downing from wellness attention provided by trained medical professional in infirmaries and other installations, over residential attention activities that still involve a grade of wellness attention activities to societal work activities without any engagement of wellness attention professionals.

Two dimensions as followed by business coded by MASCO 2000, it is a skill degree and skill specialisation. Which is a map of the complexness and scope of undertakings and responsibilities involve is skill degree and skill specialisation defined by the field of cognition required the tools and machinery used, the stuff worked on or with, every bit good as the sorts of goods and services

Table 3.3: Bomber Industries On Health

Section

Division

Description

Human Health

Hospital and Maternity Homes Activities

Hospital Activities

Maternity Homes Services ( outside infirmary )

Medical and Dental Practice Activities

General Medical Servicess

Specialized Medical Servicess

Dental Servicess

Other Human Health Activities

Dialysis Centers

Medical Labs

Physiotherapy and Occupational Theraphy Services

Acupunture Servicess

Herbalist and Homeopathy Services

Ambulance Servicess

Social Works Activities

Residential Nursing Care Facilities

Homes for the aged with nursing attention

Nursing Homes

Alleviative or hospices

Residential Care Activities

Drug rehabilitation Centre

Other residential attention activities for mental deceleration

Residential attention activities for the aged and disabled

Orphanages

Welfare places services

Other residential attention activities

Beginnings: Malaysia Standard Industrial Classification ( MSIC ) 2008, Malaysia, Department of statistics.[ 4 ]

provided. On HIS informations have four chief accomplishment degrees. Professional and proficient workers included in 4th and 3rd skill degree severally. Workers on 4th skill degree have third instruction taking to a University or Postgraduate University Degree ; Malaysian Skills Advance Diploma ( DKLM ) degree 5 or tantamount and workers on 3rd skill degree besides have third instruction once more but taking to an award non tantamount to a first University degree ; Malayan Skills Certificate ( SKM ) degree 1-3, Malayan Skills Diploma ( DKM ) degree 4. Second skill degree included Secondary or post-secondary instruction ; Malayan Skills Certificate ( SKM ) Level 1-3 and workers on this degree is Clerical Support, Service and Gross saless, Skilled Agricultural, Forestry and Fishery, Craft and Related Trades, Plant and Machine-operators and Assemblers and the last 1 is first secondary degree which is workers have First Primary instruction and it is Elementary Occupations perform individual and everyday undertakings which chiefly require the usage of handheld tools and in some instances considerable physical attempt.

Methodology

The decomposition attack measures the alterations in employment and pay measure portions between, for illustration, skilled workers and unskilled workers. The attack allows the effects of trade and technological alteration to be measured, specifically by gauging between industries and within industry alterations. This attack pioneered by Berman autonomic nervous systems Machin ( 2000 ) The decomposition is written as:

( Wtot ) ( Etot ) ( Equation 1 )

Where denotes clip difference, and the upper saloon denotes average over clip. is the pay measure, and denote skilled employment and rewards at industry severally ; therefore, employment at the industry is. Entire employment is and the sum skilled employment is. The mean pay at a industry is defined as The skilled worker ‘s pay is defined as. Finally, . The first term in the squared brackets in Equation 1 represents the amount of alterations in pay premia, weighted by norm skilled employment portions. The first term is called Wtot mensurating entire pay constituent. In the context of the pay constituent, there are two effects that are expected to act upon the additions in pay premia. These additions may be due either to single houses holding, on norm, paid higher accomplishment premia ( within-firm effects or Wwit ) , or to the fact that mean rewards have grown more quickly in houses paying comparatively higher premia ( between-industry consequence Wbet ) . The leaden pay constituent of the alterations in the skilled pay measure portion can be decomposed as follows:

( Equation 2 )

Wtot Wwit Wbet

where is the pay derived function paid by industry, and is the mean pay paid by industry to the mean pay rate. The first term in squared brackets in Equation 2 is the portion that can be attributed to the alteration in each industry ‘s pay derived functions, maintaining changeless the industry ‘s comparative pay, . We call this the pay within-industry ‘s constituent ( Wwit ) . A positive value of the within-industry constituent suggests that industries have paid larger premia on norm. On the other manus, the between-industries constituent ( Wbet ) histories for the fluctuation in each industry ‘s mean rate. A positive value of ( Wbet ) shows that rewards have risen faster in industries that pay higher pay premia.

The 2nd term in Equation 1 labeled ( Etot ) , measures the entire employment constituent consequence. This consequence represents the amount of alterations in the skilled employment portion weighted by the mean pay premia. In the employment constituent, the rise in skilled employment portion comes from two separate factors: either single industries have, on norm, go more skill-intensive ( within-industries effect-Ewit ) , or employment has shifted towards industries that are comparatively intensive in footings of skilled workers ( between-industries effect-Ebet ) . The employment constituent ( Etot ) , can therefore be written as follows:

( Equation 3 )

( Etot ) ( Ewit ) ( Ebet )

whereis the proportion of skilled workers in industries employment and is the portion of the industry in entire employment

Result and Discussion

The consequences utilizing decomposition attack for instruction sector shown ( table 4.2 ) found that both pay and employment displacements towards the relation skilled group occurred within-industries instead than between-industries and the effects are reflected in the motion of engineering excluded for 3rd skill degree ( proficient workers ) is the impact of between sector and the consequence are reflected in the motion of trade. Since the mid-1990 the state started to see the economic transmutation towards the knowledge-based economic system, driven by cognition and the progresss in information and communicating engineering ( ICT ) . Applications of ICT in most of the instruction degree would be increasing of workers have a accomplishments of utilizing high engineerings. Comparing trade and technological alteration, we conclude that technological alteration is more dominant to explicating increasing alterations in the comparative demand for 4th skill workers ( professional ) in 4 out of 5 bomber industries exclude athletics and diversion instruction. As consequences support by Machin ( 2001 ) , Berman et Al. ( 1998 ) and Gorg and Strobl ( 2002 ) have argued that the worsening demand for less skilled workers reflects the fact that technological invention has been biased toward skilled labor which had a strong impact on the construction of labour demand and therefore alterations in comparative rewards. In developing states, Berman and Machin ( 2000 ) investigated the function of SBTC in increasing the demand for skilled workers in fabricating industries. They reported that SBTC invention migrated quickly from developed to middle-income states, but found no grounds that this happened for low-income states. For illustration increasing in secondary and higher instruction is consequence from alterations in construction of employment favor from technological alteration factor. On the other custodies overall increasing 6 per centum on comparative demand for 4th skill degree within this period is lead by sub industries primary and higher instruction. This consequences indicate that both sub industries focus on the development within RMK8 with provide better instruction and acquisition installations. On the other manus on table 4.1 pupil registration in local public establishment within period 2001-2005 we can see that primary instruction is more enrolment instead than secondary and third instruction ( midterm reexamine RMK8-2001-2005 ) . For diminishing pay spread between urban and rural population, authorities trained professionals travel to rural primary instruction for addition completed primary instruction pupil.

Table 4.1: Student Enrolment In Local Public Institution, 2000-2005 ( individual )

Degree of Education

Registration

2000

%

2003

%

2005

Pre-School

271,596

4.9

323.224

5.4

424,930

Primary

2,899,048

51.8

2,990,067

50.2

3,040,643

Lower Secondary

1,254,985

22.4

1,257,960

21.1

1,283,676

Government & A ; Government-aided School

1,250,766

1,249,837

1,275,074

MARA Junior Science

Colleges

4,219

8,123

8,602

Upper School

766,936

13.7

817,341

13.7

827,315

Government & A ; Government-aided School

697,717

729,144

733,271

MARA Junior Science

Colleges

8,794

11,568

12,157

Technical & A ; Vocational School

60,425

76,629

81,887

Post Secondary

71,117

1.3

118,954

2.0

119,687

Government & A ; Government-aided School

47,998

88,827

88,580

Pre-diploma & A ; Pre-university Course

23,119

30,127

31,107

Teacher Education ( Non-graduate )

14,256

0.3

17,503

0.3

7,948

Certificate

28,154

0.5

56,105

0.9

88,848

Diploma

92,308

1.6

122,545

2.1

148,025

Degree

201,271

3.6

250,482

4.2

289,806

Entire

5,599,671

100

5,954,181

100

6,230,878

Beginnings: Midterm Review, RMK-8 2001-2005

For 3rd skill workers or proficient and supervisory workers we can see that 80 per centum between industries ( trade alterations ) is more dominant to show increasing comparative demand of employment ( secondary instruction, higher instruction and other instruction ) but overall demand for 3rd skill degree is diminishing. Large impact on diminishing 5.7 per centum in primary instruction and 1 per centum in athletics and diversion instruction is do the diminishing 5.6 per centum in overall demand for proficient workers. Interestingly to observe alterations in construction of employment between sector ( excluded primary instruction ) is doing the alterations in the comparative demand for 3rd skill workers.

Changes demand for 2nd skill workers on primary and secondary instruction is because of trade alterations but different for higher and other instruction is cause from accomplishment biased technological alteration ( SBTC ) . Changes on pay construction is dominant impact to explicating diminishing in comparative demand for 2nd skill workers lead by diminishing on higher instruction bomber industries ( 1 per centum ) . On secondary instruction diminishing demand of workers is because of trade alterations.

Overall comparative demand for first skill workers ( simple ) is increasing and primary instruction addition 0.57 per centum follow by higher instruction 0.2 per centum. Tertiary or higher instruction is now available from non merely public supplier but besides from a big of private supplier is the grounds for increasing in demand of employment on higher instruction excluded demand for 2nd skill workers. In 2005, 630 public and private establishment offered third instruction programmed ( Malaysia 2006 ) compared to merely three public universities and a few private establishment in 1970.

Second, this survey found that on human wellness industries, the employment construction are the most influential factor in these alterations ( see table 4.3 ) . Demand for Third and 2nd skill workers peculiarly on other human wellness and residential attention activities is more balance means that alterations on pay and employment construction is the same. Impact increasing for 4th skill workers ( professional ) favours technological alteration instead than merchandise alteration. The usage of high engineering, industry is turning quickly in this cause increasing demand workers particularly 4th skill workers ( professional ) . Residential an attempt to continuously better wellness systems, the Institute of Health Systems Research was established as portion of the National Institutes of Health. Clinical research affecting rating of services in countries such as dialysis, ophthalmology and radiology were undertaken while attempts were under manner to set up national-level registers for malignant neoplastic disease, cataract surgery and nephritic upsets. Therefore for 3rd and 4th skill workers on medical and dental pattern activities is diminishing on comparative demand employment because of technological consequence. On the other manus same with the demand on 3rd skill workers on instruction industry, for human wellness industry 75 per centum industry diminishing severally excluded for infirmary and pregnancy places activities. Decreasing other human wellness activities within this period is because Ministry of Health does non officially register the traditional medical specialty and complementary which is besides known as homoeopathy, massage, reflexology, stylostixis, Ayurveda. Generally, comparative demand on 2nd skill workers decrease lead by residential attention and other human wellness activities with 1.85 per centum and 0.4 per centum severally. Surprisingly infirmary and pregnancy places activities show that increasing on comparative demand for all skill degree. The consequence indicates that doctor-population ratio improved during the period lending to the better quality of wellness attention. The work force to population ratio nevertheless recorded betterments. The doctor-population ratio improved from 1:1,504 in 2000 to 1:1,395 in 2002 while the dentist-population ratio improved from 1:10,958 to 1:10,318 and that of druggists improved from 1:10,071 to 1:8,673 during the same period. ( Malaysia, Eight Malaysia Plan 2001 ) . The addition in the figure of physicians can be attributed to the concerted attempts that were taken during the period including the enlargement in the consumption into local medical establishments, enlisting of foreign physicians and specializers and the re-employment of retired physicians and specializers on a contract footing. As can be seen alterations demand for employment on medical and dental pattern favour technological instead than trades.

Table 4.2: The Aggregate Change in Skill Proportion over the Period 2002-2007 Using Employment Data ( Education Industry )

Skill Level

A

Industries

A

Wage Structure

Employment Structure

Entire

Technological

Trade

Entire

Technological

Trade

Fourth

A

Pre-primary and Primary Education

0.013083

0.012277

0.000806

0.012593

0.01447

-0.00188

Secondary Education

0.0000877

0.001451

-0.00136

0.009735

0.007351

0.002384

Higher Education

0.000945

0.000898

0.0000462

0.026719

0.02143

0.005289

Other Education ( Sport and Recreation )

-0.00208

-0.00194

-0.00014

-0.00091

-0.000058

-0.00085

Other Education

0.000366

0.00038

-0.000015

0.000366

0.000268

0.0000978

Entire

0.012402

0.013066

-0.00066

0.048503

0.043461

0.005041

ThirdA

A

Pre-primary and Primary Education

0.042807

0.028237

0.01457

-0.10014

-0.06504

-0.0351

Secondary Education

-0.00328

-0.000025

-0.00325

0.005351

-0.00033

0.005677

Higher Education

-0.00206

-0.00203

-0.000031

0.004975

-0.00366

0.008639

Other Education ( Sport and Recreation )

-0.00014

0.001883

-0.00202

-0.01131

0.0000852

-0.0114

Other Education

-0.00128

-0.00037

-0.0009

0.008759

0.000406

0.008353

Entire

0.036047

0.027695

0.008369

-0.09237

-0.06854

-0.02383

Second

A

Pre-primary and Primary Education

-0.00773

-0.00873

0.000996

0.009462

0.011873

-0.00241

Secondary Education

-0.00333

-0.0015

-0.00183

-0.00104

-0.00425

0.003213

Higher Education

-0.01011

-0.01008

-0.000026

0.001797

-0.00558

0.007377

Other Education

0.000884

0.001064

-0.00018

0.000106

-0.00179

0.0019

Entire

-0.02029

-0.01925

-0.00104

0.010325

0.000253

0.01008

First

A

Pre-primary and Primary Education

-0.01051

-0.01144

0.000926

0.016249

0.018396

-0.00215

Secondary Education

-0.00607

-0.00445

-0.00162

0.004625

0.001762

0.002863

Higher Education

-0.00182

-0.00184

0.0000168

0.002903

0.000942

0.001962

Entire

-0.0184

-0.01773

-0.00068

0.023777

0.0211

0.002675

Table 4.3: The Aggregate Change in Skill Proportion over the Period 2002-2007 Using Employment Data ( Health Industry )

Skill Level

Industries

Wage Structure

Employment Structure

Entire

Technological

Trade

Entire

Technological

Trade

Fourth

A

Hospital and Maternity Homes Activities

-0.00308

-0.00214

-0.00094

0.010973

0.008483

0.00249

Medical and Dental Practice Activities

-0.00383

-0.0036

-0.00023

-0.00383

-0.00359

-0.00024

Resedential Nursing Care Facilities

0.000454

0.000539

-0.000085

0.000454

0.000259

0.000195

Entire

-0.00646

-0.0052

-0.00126

0.007597

0.005152

0.002445

Third

A

Hospital and Maternity Homes Activities

-0.04264

0.007435

-0.05007

0.138262

-0.00264

0.140903

Medical and Dental Practice Activities

-0.01541

0.006578

-0.02199

-0.0782

-0.05524

-0.02296

Other Human Health Activities

-0.00583

-0.00291

-0.00291

-0.00583

-0.00291

-0.00291

Resedential Care Activities

-0.0072

-0.0036

-0.0036

-0.0072

-0.0036

-0.0036

Entire

-0.07108

0.007503

-0.07857

0.047032

-0.06439

0.111433

Second

A

Hospital and Maternity Homes Activities

-0.01816

-0.00886

-0.00929

0.021553

-0.00476

0.026309

Medical and Dental Practice Activities

0.006639

0.016073

-0.00943

0.008904

0.018889

-0.00999

Other Human Health Activities

-0.00197

-0.00098

-0.00098

-0.00197

-0.00098

-0.00098

Resedentia Nursing Care Facilities

-0.00281

-0.00167

-0.00114

0.006235

0.001348

0.004887

Resedential Care Activities

-0.00927

-0.00464

-0.00464

-0.00927

-0.00464

-0.00464

Entire

-0.02557

-0.00077

-0.02548

0.025452

0.009857

0.015586

First

A

Hospital and Maternity Homes Activities

-0.0069

0.0016

-0.0085

0.0248

0.0008

0.024

Medical and Dental Practice Activities

-0.0027

0.0004

-0.003

0.0166

0.0199

-0.0033

Entire

-0.0096

0.002

-0.0115

0.0414

0.0207

0.0207