The verse form ‘I ‘m “ Wife ” – I ‘ve finished that ‘ by Emily Dickinson will be stylistically analysed utilizing feminist stylistics and address and thought representation analysis.
Feminist stylistics involves analyzing literature and detecting why writers choose certain ways to show themselves and how ‘certain effects can be achieved through linguistic communication ‘ ( Mills, 1995:5 ) . An apprehension is needed to acknowledge that literature is frequently bias mirroring a societal position, whilst women’s rightist stylistics focus on a feminist position.
Speech and thought representation allows readers to understand a characters ideas and feelings through their usage of address which can change readers understanding ( Mushin, 2001 ) .
The verse form, ‘I ‘m “ Wife ” – I ‘ve finished that ‘ , is written from a female position about a adult female ‘s freedom before and after matrimony. The female voice in the verse form is present nevertheless the individuality of the adult female is ‘made finally unseeable ‘ . This is because 19th century female authors had to ‘make themselves heard ‘ whilst ‘denying their presence as a female object ‘ ( Grabher, 1998: 231 ) .
Many critics portion the position that Dickinson lived in a ‘patriarchal ‘ society ( Martin, 2002:45 ) . Majority of her verse forms include adult females populating in an oppressive society and the verse form is unsurprisingly feminist. Many of Dickinson ‘s verse forms have been analysed in order to understand how the poet reacted to the restrictions put on adult females in the 19th century society.
Dickinson lived a quiet private life ; it was in her Hagiographas that she revealed a strong feminine domination through her inspiring and originative work. She seldom left her house and started to populate in about complete isolation yet her verse forms demand ‘readerly engagement ‘ ( Martin, 2002:6 ) . The poetic voices in Dickinson ‘s verse forms are frequently seeking to desire more from life ; but they besides contain the thought of hope where chances for contentment and felicity are possible.
In the verse form ‘I ‘m “ Wife ” – I ‘ve finished that ‘ Dickinson wanted to demo the difference in going a ‘Woman ‘ and a ‘Wife ‘ . The poetic voice is a immature miss who has conflicting feelings about turning into a adult female peculiarly a married woman, whilst invariably reassuring herself that it is ‘safer ‘ and ‘comfortable ‘ to be so. Her contradictory feelings arise when she realises that go forthing maidenhood, going a adult female and so a married woman will forestall her from holding self-identity, because once she is a ‘Wife ‘ she is about labelled as the ownership of her hubby.
Emily Dickinson portrays an highly complicated attack sing matrimony in the verse form. Although Dickinson was non married, she clearly demonstrated her perceptual experience on both state of affairss, of being individual and being married.
In the gap poetry, the poetic voice is clearly dying and concerned that she will hold to shut the chapters of her life as a miss now that she is married. The label ‘Wife ‘ given to adult females is contrasted with ‘Czar ‘ ; which is normally associated with work forces as a married woman can ne’er go ‘Czar ‘ but a hubby can. A adult female is capable of going ‘Czar ‘ on her ain, nevertheless one time a ‘wife ‘ becomes a married woman it ‘Stops at that place! ‘ with merely the hubby to appreciate her. It is clear that there are force per unit areas on going a married woman and the poetic voice is nervous that her life will go dominated by her hubby after matrimony.
Inequality is present in the first stanza because the female is expected to travel through alterations to go a adult female and so alteration from a adult female into a married woman ; nevertheless nil is expected of a adult male. Piercing elans are used to disregard any comparings which may be used in respect to the character ‘s old life as a miss ( Crumbley, 1997: 123 ) . Capital letters and exclaiming Markss on the shutting line of the verse form show the defeat, unfairness and favoritism between work forces and adult females in Dickinson ‘s society.
I think the poetic voice is reluctantly accepting the thought that a ‘woman ‘ should ‘Stop ‘ at going a ‘wife ‘ and to be nil more, because a married woman has to admit her hubby wants which restricts her from full freedom. In the verse form Dickinson is connoting that a adult female who is non married is capable of more, without holding others interfere such as a hubby might.
Dickinson did non acquire married. It is galvanizing so that her position on misss turning up would be to so travel on to the phase of matrimony. Dickinson is sing alteration because she has ne’er been married before ; hence fantasying about matrimony allows her to research her imaginativeness and experience male laterality which in world she does non desire. I think the poet believed that it is ‘safer ‘ to be labelled and to be given an individuality and she reflects this in the verse form because it makes her experience protected compared to the individuality she has in world.
Dickinson produces a complicated representation of matrimony. In the first poetry ‘I ‘m “ married woman ” – I ‘ve finished that / I ‘m “ Woman ” now – It ‘s safer so, ‘ the poetic voice is seeking to reassure herself that now that she is married she has left her maidenhood buttocks and has become a complete adult female. I think the point Dickinson is seeking to show is that every miss merely genuinely becomes a full adult female after she has married. In line 3, ‘I ‘m Czar ‘ illustrates a positive thought sing matrimony nevertheless the last line of poetry 1, ‘It ‘s safer so ‘ is contradictory. In the 19th century it was the norm for misss to turn up acquire married and to hold kids ; hence in the last line Dickinson ridicules the cultural norms of society for enforcing these stereotyped positions on misss supercharging them to acquire married.
In the 2nd line of stanza 2, the matrimony is called a ‘soft Eclipse ‘ which is the stage the adult female is traveling through whilst reflecting on herself as a miss who has a doubting feeling on matrimony. The inequality of work forces and adult females is present when the adult female goes through the phases of being a miss and into muliebrity. Dickinson ‘s feminist ideas are reflected in the verse form demoing that the character in secret thinks it is more acceptable to be “ Woman ” alternatively of “ Wife ” . However, it could be argued that she is reflecting on the natural stages a miss goes through in life, and she sees matrimony as a protection from hurting. I think that Dickson is connoting that a adult female is more secure in matrimony holding a topographic point in society, a spouse to care for you and household full of duties to carry through the outlooks of a “ Wife ” .
The poet compares being individual and married to that of Eden and Earth. The ‘Earth ‘ is used to propose that individual life is difficult whereas married life is compared to that in ‘Heaven ‘ .
Emily Dickinson is insecure with the thought of going a full adult female. She talks about matrimony and uses citation Markss around “ Wife ” and “ Woman ” because these words seem unusual when associated with her, because she does non desire to acquire married. However she visualises acquiring married and appears to be mocking the construct excessively.
Becoming a “ Wife ” was the lone duty a miss had when she reached muliebrity and there is clearly a feeling of sorrow. Dickinson has no societal individuality because she was individual and adult females did non desire to hold this rubric as it was unwanted in society.
The last stanza accents on Dickinson ‘s feelings about matrimony. The point she is doing is that married life will convey ‘comfort ‘ to a miss through matrimony. The concluding poetry starts with ‘This being comfort – then/ That other sort — was hurting ‘ , this creates contrasting thoughts proposing that matrimony can convey felicity nevertheless it can besides convey jobs, unhappiness and hurting.
The hurting represents the world of matrimony within the verse form. A hubby and married woman are combined by matrimony and may be happy nevertheless, if they do non unify jobs will originate that threatens the matrimony and the place. When this happens it is really frequently that one individual in the relationship will over power the other and it is normally the hubby who dominates and suppresses the married woman.
Dickinson invariably compares herself as a married woman to a adult female and a miss from the start to the terminal of the verse form inquiring ‘why compare? ‘ because she is confused by the outlooks required of a miss to acquire married, nevertheless she is seeking to come to a decision. The last line ‘I ‘m “ Wife ” ! Stop at that place! ‘ sounds like a bid from a adult male, shouting and telling the adult female to halt oppugning herself. The poet is seeking to reflect that hurting is caused when being entirely. A married adult female is a adult female in her ain right, although she will be expected to halt at being a “ Wife ” because merely certain traits will be required of them.
Dickinson finishes the verse form in an optimistic mode, saying that matrimony should non be compared because she is a “ Wife ” and her ideas should halt at that place. Again she is taking to place herself as a “ Wife ” although in world she was non, which implies that being a “ Wife ” was a respectable position, and Dickinson is clearly mocking society by traveling against it.
A distinguishable accent has been placed on the manner Dickinson portrays address and ideas, on the poetic voice in the verse form. Direct idea is the dominant mode that she uses to expose the character ‘s looks because it makes the verse form more dramatic. The reader additions an penetration into the scruples of the poetic voice and the writers mind ; this allows readers to detect the different ideas and feelings that the writer is sing and seeking to convey. The address and idea of the poetic voice appears to be really baffled speaking about matrimony with contrasting ideas which shows that the poet is uncomplete in some manner and her ideas are really disarrayed.
Dickinson clearly wanted to reflect the complicated issues sing positions on adult females and matrimony. The first stanza lines 1-3 show that Emily is in favor of matrimony, nevertheless the last line contradicts her sentiment and she is connoting that being married is the safer option, roasting society, as they impose these positions on misss that they should acquire married.
She wants to foreground that matrimony is respectable in society and provides misss with a unafraid life nevertheless, it can besides do hurting and jobs particularly for adult females who enjoy their independency which reflects the feminist positions that adult females will be restricted after matrimony because they will be dominated by males, their hubbies.
The verse form compares the confounding ideas of a female who is pressurised to acquire married and to follow the norms of society. I think the verse form has an highly feminist attack and is intended to mock society for desiring misss to turn up, marry and live a typical life. This poem contrasts thoughts to demo that adult females are independently better on their ain ; nevertheless matrimony is the safer option because it is what society expects of them.