1) Planning Managers must plan for future conditions, develop strategic objectives and secure the achievement of future goals. They also should anticipate resources that are needed by proactive approach. The plans should follow missions and goals of organizations. Organizing Managers must organize the workforce in an efficient manner and structure and align the activities of the organization. Managers should also hire for the staff and line positions separately and check for staff should have no authority on line positions unless the authority is granted.

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They should also check the safety matters of the organizations and organize the steps to maintain the safe environment in the organization Controlling Managers must control that company activities are in line with general company policies and objectives. It also involves monitoring, comparing to established standards, taking corrective action which occurs through inspections, audits, record reviews, interviews with employees and supervisors It is also the responsibility of the manager to observe and report deviations from plans and objectives, and to make initiatives to correct potential deviations.

Directing Directing is the third function of the management. Working under this function helps the management to control and supervise the actions of the staff, This will help the staff in achieving the company’s goals and also accomplishing their personal or career goals which can be powered by motivation, communication, department dynamics, and department leadership. Safety personnel operating from staff position must have support, including financial, from line management to be successful Staffing

Staffing refers to recruiting, Screening, hiring and training of the persons in the organization. Staffing follows the organization functions by filling, and keeping filled, every required position within the company. Managers should be aware of ADA and civil rights and should have clear, written job description if physical limitations exist. 2) Advantages and disadvantages of safety incentive programs • A pre-determined goal is established • Goods, merchandise or cash is awarded if goal is met • Easy to administer, Makes people to work safely with confidence • May reduce rates (often because it discourages proper reporting of injuries) – High-profile cases where incentive programs “bribed employees to keep quiet • Making a “game” of safety is trivializing • Feedback can go to the wrong group • Robs workers of “pride of performance” • “Creeping entitlement” syndrome 3) Examples of Physiological need(basic): food, water, shelter Examples of Safety-security: health and well-being Examples of Social: friendships, relationships

Examples of Self-esteem: sense of personal worth Examples of Self-Actualization: individual more concerned with well-being of others or state of society 4) The 3 essential motives that drive behavior in McClelland’s Need Achievement Theory are: Need for Achievement: This is accomplishment of tasks and activities Need for Affiliation: Seeking company or association with others Need for Power: Ability to positively influence others 5) WORKPLACE SAFETY INSPECTION :GAS STATION ADMINISTRATIVE Are accident/injury report forms readily available to employees? |YES | |Are the Safety & Occupational Health Protection Program Posters posted on the official bulletin board? | | | |NO | |Is the Fire Evacuation Plan posted? |YES | |Are emergency procedures posted or available to all employees? |YES | WALKING/WORKING SURFACES |Housekeeping ( floor moping and cleaning)- Is the area routinely cleaned? YES | |rest room maintenance is good |YES | |Are aisles and passageways kept clear? |YES | |Hand sink maintenance is good |YES | HAZARDOUS MATERIALS |Are flammable and combustible liquids being stored in approved containers and/or storage cabinets? | | |YES | |Are emergency showers and eye wash facilities available where employees are exposed to corrosive materials? |NO | KEEPING CLEAN |Are the fountain pumps kept clean? |NO | |Are the coffee makers kept clean? |YES | |Is the cappuccino machine kept clean |YES | |Are there enough number of tissue papers or cleaning tissues |YES |

MATERIAL HANDLING AND STORAGEFIRE PROTECTION |Are all portable fire extinguishers maintained in a fully charged and operable condition? |YES | |Are the fire extinguishers conspicuously located where they will be readily accessible (not blocked) and |YES | |immediately available when needed? | | |Are Fire Doors left closed, marked, and not blocked open? |YES | ELECTRICAL |Are flexible cords and cables being used in continuous lengths without splices or taps? YES | |Do all power strips (surge protectors) include a circuit breaker? |YES | |Are receptacles grounded and properly wired? |YES | |Are all unused openings in cabinets, boxes, and fittings effectively covered? |YES | |Was frayed or otherwise exposed wiring observed? |NO | GENERAL |Does the building or structure have any apparent structural deficiencies that may be hazardous to personnel or | | |may compromise the structural integrity of the building? N | |Are refrigerators used for their intended purposes? |Y | |Are the products expired removed from the racks? |NO | |Is the trash maintained properly? |NO | UNSAFE BEHAVIOR |Are workers taking the necessary safety precautions for the work being performed? | | | |NO | |Is all work being performed so that other workers in the area are not being exposed to occupational health | | |hazards or unsafe conditions? NO | |Are any workers being exposed to potential fall hazards without the protection of safety rails or the |NO | |appropriate fall protection equipment? | | Hazard controls to be taken: 1) Safety & Occupational Health Protection Program Posters posted on the official bulletin board …………as soon as possible 2) Fountain Taps to be kept clean………….. immediately and every day 3) Trash should be maintained properly….. to be checked timely and properly maintained 4) Removing expired products from racks….

Groceries to be checked properly for their expiration dates and should be removed regularly 5) Workers should take proper safety precautions….. checked by the manager of the store 6) Proper protection equipment must be given …… manager should check it regularly and made them get some equipment to keep them safe ———————– Self-Actualization (Self Esteem, Wisdom, Knowledge) Physiological needs (Food, Shelter, etc) Safety-security (Physical, Social, Sexual) Belonging (Family, Culture, Community) Self Esteem (Respect , Position, Authority)