The general rules of foundation design are as below ;

  • To safely reassign the edifice burden straight from the point of application to the land where the edifice sited and to do certain that the tonss are appropriately distributed through the land ( underneath dirt strata ) .
  • Ability and safely to supply opposition of uplift forces exerted by the edifice itself, possible turn overing minutes produced by air current burden
  • Capability to defy the the colony force, remission, differential motion and any others possible land or belowground motion due to temblors.

In general technological pattern the column design burden can safely reassign to the land and appropriate distribute through the land by utilizing Pad foundation attack. But, for this 10 floor edifice, the computation that the most to a great extent column, i.e. C1 burden is rather significant and this decidedly will necessitate a immense size of tablet terms and practically may do massive of overlapping. In add-on, the proviso of support, formwork, building attempt and etc comparatively will increase drastically. Hence, due to this unpractical procedure ( building of immense tablet terms ) , in our experience and in footings of economic position point, we will non follow tablet terms in this 10 floor height edifice.

However, we propose to follow deep foundation via a stacking system as a feasible solution to administer the tonss to a greater deepness dirt where usually will turn up the greatest ultimate bearing capacity. Through the borehole logs study, we analysed that the 29.0m deepness from land degree is sandstone and bed stone strata. While dirt strata between deepness of 2.3m to 7.2m from land degree is consists of house to stiff silty gravelly clay with occasional bowlder. Subsequently 7.2m to 29.0m is stiff flaxen clay.

This deep foundation via stacking system has the economic advantages compare to the overall foundation system. For cases, if compare with raft foundation system where in rule the burden will reassign to the whole piece of raft foundation slab averagely and this is non cost effectual. However, through this pile system the burden particularly big burden can efficaciously administer to the difficult dirt strata via lesser Numberss of column. Therefore the pile system is more economic and practical in footings of building method.

Finally, we propose that the spun heap will be chosen to utilize in this pile system because it is more practical and more economical if comparison to others, such as dullard heap and cylinder hemorrhoids.