In the formation of this policy for the Police Service to help it in its end of forestalling condemnable activity in Trinidad and Tobago we were compelled to take into consideration the Human facet of this of import and must accomplish end. Merely as in the context of a state, the human resource is the most of import resource any organisation could possess, and as such, it is of paramount importance that this resource becomes one of the rule precedences of the organisation so that it can develop to its truest potency. As Abraham Maslow stated in his Hierarchy of Needs theory that there are five phases which we all must go through through in order to achieve the ultimate end to which we all aspire, that is, Self Actualization, holding reached our ends personal growing and development. We will besides see that with that combination of extremely trained, educated motivated, persons along with the use of the most modern inventions in engineering, the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service would no longer be in the kingdom of Re-action but would instead be Pro-Active in its push to stamp down the condemnable component and their improper activities.
The formation of this policy for the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service is important for the organisation to heighten its capablenesss in its practical WAR against condemnable elements both internally and externally. The T.T.P.S. has a long and distinguished history, nevertheless, the universe has changed by unbelievable progresss in engineering for the benefit and the devastation of all life on the planet. It is because of the addition in adult male ‘s epistemology that even the condemnable elements have at their disposal a broad assortment of “ tools ” at their disposal with which to perpetrate some of the most flagitious of offenses.
The executive of the T.T.P.S. have now manages an organisation which is seen chiefly as a reactionist organic structure of jurisprudence enforcement forces, who at times do non even react good to flush the most ordinary studies made by citizens. The direction of the organisation on a whole is an antediluvian relic from the early pre and postcolonial epoch, which is reflected in every facet of patroling in this twin island province.
We intend to demo that with the right attack to recruiting, preparation, run intoing the demands of the human resource component of the service and betterments in the country of offense sensing and bar ( engineering ) , modern patroling would one time once more go the over whelming end of every member of the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service.
BACKGROUND HISTORY OF THE TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO POLICE SERVICE
The Spaniards founded the first European colony, Trinidad ‘s capital town San Jose de Oruna ( St. Joseph ) . The office of Cabildo or Town Council controlled the Police Force.Duties were restricted to within the town. The strength of the Police Force ne’er exceeded six between 1752 and 1792.
After bondage was abolished in 1838, over 22,000 work forces and adult females enjoyed their full civil rights, the duty of the Police increased and a “ rural system of Police “ had to be established. By the terminal of 1842, there were 12 Police Stationss and about one hundred officers consisting Inspectors, Sergeants and constables.
In the mid 19th century members of the Metropolitan Police were brought to Trinidad on endorsement, therefore the Police Force had a assorted composing every bit far as racial strains were concerned. During this period, the Police Headquarters was housed at the corner of Abercromby and Hart Streets.
The lone weapon the Policeman carried was his nightstick, which was four pess long. Then force would be met with force, here is where a local tradition of the Police “ whipping first and collaring after ” was given birth. The general form of jurisprudence enforcement in the 1840 ‘s was, one time arrested the Police took the accused to the station or if he was fractious, held him and sent to name the sergeant. All constabulary Stationss were Courthouses as Magistrates travelled from one constabulary station to another. This was until 1844 when test by jury and the English legislative acts were introduced to Trinidad.
In 1851, the constabulary was appointed the state ‘s first mailmans and mail bearers and the constabulary Stationss were transformed into Post Offices. The Mounted Branch was established for this intent. In 1860, the Police Force was relieved of some of these extracurricular responsibilities.
In 1869, an regulation was initiated for better organisation and subject of the Police Force. With a more organized Police Force, greater constabulary surveillance of occupants was provided.
The Police Headquarters at the corner of St.Vincent and Sackville Streets was completed in 1876 lodging about four hundred and 52 ( 452 ) work forces. Over the old ages, the strength increased and other units were established, such as Traffic Branch in 1930 and Special Branch.
By 1955, the demand for police matrons to cover with juveniles and female wrongdoers had long been delinquent. Under Ordinance No. 6 of 195, twelve members of the fairer sex were drafted into the Force.
Now the establishment was responsible to the people of Trinidad and Tobago for their workss and misbehaviors. Thereafter a Commission of Enquiry was appointed by the authorities to examine the disposal and subject of the Police Service. In 1966 the so Governor General assented to the Police Service Act, which enacted the Police Service Regulation 1965. This Act divided the Service into two divisions – the first and 2nd divisions. It besides introduced a alteration from Police Force to Police Service. This alteration was non merely in name but besides in operation.The focal point shifted from been a militaristic force to a service-oriented organisation. The Police Service later established a mission and vision statement.
To breed a feeling of safety and security by continuing the jurisprudence steadfastly and reasonably while supplying prompt, gracious and professional service in partnership with the communities.
Vision Statement: To be the national supplier of professional policing services.
By the 1970 ‘s the Police Service had grown in strength to 3,399 members and was placed under the portfolio of the Ministry of National Security. Mr. Francis Eustace Bernard was the first local to be appointed Commissioner of Police in 1973.
In 1881, the Police Headquarters was destroyed by the fire, which was caused by the kerosine oil illuming system. The Police Headquarters was destroyed for a 2nd clip in 1990, this clip during the attempted putsch. A new Police Administration Building was constructed at the corner of Edward and Sackville Streets the undermentioned twelvemonth lodging Administrative offices.
The history of the Police Service has experienced a series of societal agitation in Trinidad and Tobago, viz. the Canboulay Riots, Hosay Massacre, 1903 H2O public violences, Labour Riots of 1937, Black Power Revolution and the Jamaat Al Muslimeen putsch effort of 1990.
First, the Canboulay Riots were riots by the posterities of freed slaves in the metropoliss of Trinidad and Tobago against efforts by the British Police to check down on facets of the jubilation of Carnival. The public violences occurred in February 1881 in Port-of-Spain, the capital of Trinidad as the Police Force clashed with revelers who had banded together against the Police. This caused bitterness amongst the ordinary people of Trinidad who valued the festival despite the clangs. Due to the feelings of the population, Governor Sir Sanford Freeling confined constabularies to barracks in order to quiet down the state of affairs. However, when Freeling was recalled in 1883, Captain Arthur Baker, the caput of the Police Force at that clip sought to set an terminal to the Canboulay, as it was a menace to public order. As such, he cracked down at the Canboulay in the southern metropoliss of San Fernando and Princes Town during the carnival of February 1884 in which lives were lost. In Princes Town, the masks attacked the constabulary station after magistrate Hobson decided to restrict the constabulary to barracks because the crowd was excessively big. After Hobson was felled with a rock, the constabulary opened fire on the rioters killing a young person and earnestly wounding two others doing the crowd to fly. The Carnival was frequently marred with clangs between groups of revelers transporting sticks and lit torches. While the confrontation started in vocal affaire d’honneurs between the chantwells but frequently worsened to physical force. The British governments banned transporting sticks and torches in 1868 due to a clang between two groups. However, this prohibition was non enforced for some old ages.
Second the Hosay slaughter ( besides known as the Hosay public violences or the Jahaji massacre0 took topographic point on Thursday October thirtieth 1884 in San Fernando, Trinidad during the one-year Hosay emanation ( the local name for the Shi’a Festival of Muharram ) . The determination by the British colonial governments had banned the Indians from come ining the town with their emanation. The Indians regarded this as arbitrary and unfair step and protested with a request led by the Hindu Sookhoo and 31 others.
On 26th October Administrator John Bushe consulted the Executive Council on the concluding agreements to be made for continuing order during the Hosea Acting Colonial Secretary, Mr. Pyne, informed the Inspector Commandant of Police, Captain Barker teaching him on the deployment of constabulary, Mariness, from the HMS Dido, and a ‘volunteer force ‘ .
On October thirtieth 1884, the first emanation of 6,000 was sighted nearing San Fernando making Cross-Crossing and proceeded along to the entryway of Cipero Street. There the Indians met by British military personnels under Major Bowles of the First North Staffordshire Regiment. The local magistrate, a Mr. Child, read the Riot Act and when the crowd failed to scatter, he proceeded to order the constabulary to fire upon the unarmed Indians.
At Mon Repos Junction of the Princess Town and Circular roads a similar destiny was to run into the Indians at that place. The emanation was in sight about 3:30pm. Captain Baker gave the order to the constabulary to fire upon the emanation of Indians after the Riot Act was read to them.
Nine individuals were reportedly killed and 100 wounded at Toll Gate ( on the south side of town ) , while others were injured at Mon Repos ( on the eastern side of the town and at Pointe-a-Pierre Road on the North.
Third, the H2O public violences took topographic point in Port of Spain Trinidad and Tobago, because of the public violences, the Red House, which was the place of the Executive and Legislative Council was destroyed.
Following the edifice of national water company substructure, the Government passed an regulation that increased of the cost of H2O. A figure of public meetings had been held to protest the addition, climaxing in a presentation on March 23 in Brunswick Square, located outside the Red House. Protesters threw stones at the edifice, nailing Windowss and doing members of the legislative assembly to conceal under tabular arraies for protection. The dissenters so set the lower floor on fire, at which clip constabulary opened fire on the crowd, killing 13 people, and wounding 42 others. The fire wholly gutted the Red House.
Fourthly, in response to hapless on the job conditions and unequal wage, the labour public violences of 1937 shook Trinidad and led to the birth of the trade brotherhood motion. Labour jobs once more resulted in agitation in 1965. The rise of the Black Power Movement tardily in the sixtiess culminated in the 1970 Black Power Revolution, which threatened the authorities of Prime Minister Eric Williams. TheBlackPower Revolution besides known as the 1970 Revolution, Black Power Uprising and besides by some as the February Revolution was an effort by a figure of societal elements, peoples and involvement groups with a batch of varied involvement to do kick the issues which the leaders and contrivers of the twenty-four hours failed to turn to and right.
Between 1968 and 1970, the motion gained strength in Trinidad and Tobago. The National Joint Action Committee was formed out of the Guild of Undergraduates at the St. Augustine Campus of the University of the West Indies. Under the leading of Geddes Granger ( now Makandal Daaga ) NJAC and the Black Power motion appeared as a serious challenge to Prime Minister Eric Williams ‘ authorization. This was coupled with a turning combativeness by the Trade Union motion, led by George Weeks of the Oilfields Workers ‘ Trade Union, Clive Nunez of the Transport and Industrial Workers Union and Basdeo Panday, so a immature trade brotherhood attorney and militant. The Black Power Revolution began with a 1970 Carnival set named Pinetoppers who presentation entitled The Truth about Africa included portraitures of “ radical heroes ” including Fidel Castro, Stokely Carmichael and Tubal Uriah Butler.
The Black Power motion was led by assorted involvements within the trade brotherhoods, the ground forces and other societal groups like Afro-Trinidadians and were noted to pull many ill-affected members of the so governing PNM under Eric Williams.
On April 6, 1970 a dissenter, Basil Davis, was killed by Police. On April 18, sugar workers went on work stoppage, and at that place was talk of a general work stoppage. In response to this, Williams proclaimed a State of Emergency on April 21 and the Police arrested 15 Black Power leaders. Reacting in bend, a part of the Trinidad Defence Force, led by Raffique Shah and Rex Lassalle, mutinied and took sureties at the ground forces barracks at Teteron. Through the action of the Coast Guard and dialogues between the Government and the Rebels, the mutiny was contained and the mutineers surrendered on April 25.
Further, on Friday July 27, 1990, 114 members of the Jamaat Al Muslimeen, led by Yasin Abu Bakr and Bilaal Abdullah attempted to sage a putsch d’etat against the authorities of Trinidad and Tobago. Forty-two insurrectionists stormed the Red House ( place of Parliament ) and took the Prime Minister, A.N.R Robinson and most of this Cabinet surety, including Horace James, while seventy-two of their compatriots attacked the offices of Trinidad and Tobago Television and the Trinidad Broadcasting Company.
The Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force and eh constabularies responded by sealing off the country around the Red House. Widespread robbery and incendiarism took topographic point in Port of Spain and other parts of she East-West Corridor, but the balance of the state was unagitated. Acting President Emmanuel Carter declared a State of Emergency and Martial jurisprudence was imposed. Several members of Cabinet who had non been present in the Red house at the clip of the onslaught set up office in the Trinidad Hilton. On the dark of the 27th, the Army took control of the TTT sender on Cumberland Hill, therefore taking TTT off the air. After six yearss of dialogue, the Muslimeen surrendered on August 1, and were taken into detention. About 24 people died during the putsch effort, with 1000000s in belongings losingss. Among the dead was Member of Parliament for Diego martin Central, Leo Des Vignes. Many people saw the putsch effort, with 1000000s in belongings losingss. Among the dead was Member of Parliament for Diego Martin Central, Leo Des Vignes. Many people saw the putsch effort as the terminal of power of the National Alliance for Reconstruction authorities.
Eustace Bernard was the first local adult male who rose from the rank of a constable in 1943 to the Commissioner of Police. The Police Service is made of the First and Second divisions, with the officers of the first ranging in rank from Assistant Superintendent, Superintendent, Senior Superintendent, Assistant Commissioner of Police, Deputy Commissioner of Police and The Commissioner of Police. The ranks of the 2nd division include ; Constable, Corporal, Sergeant, Inspector.
The constabulary have eight divisions – seven in Trinidad and one in Tobago, Branches include a riot control unit ( called the Police Mobile Force ) , units for main road control and offense probe, and a tribunal and procedure unit, which is responsible for fixing tribunal instances up to committal proceedings. Although most constabularies forces are trained at the Police Training School, trainee constables are on occasion sent to Britain for extra preparation.
Drug trafficking has presented serious national security jobs in the state. The Scott Drug Report which was made populace in 1987 described an explosive addition in the usage of cocaine, imputing it to Trinidad and Tobago ‘s location on the trade path between the manufacturers in Peru, Bolivia, Colombia and the chief market in the United States. It implicated many constabulary officers, some of whom held senior stations. Since so, a particular undertaking force has been set, up which trades with drug trafficking.
The authorities of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago in its function as supplier of province run security through the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service, engaged the services of Stephen Mastrofski, professor of Criminal Justice at the Michigan State University. One of professor Mastrofski initiatives is “ Patroling for Peoples ” , this is made up of the undermentioned constituents:
Attentiveness: being accessible to the populace to go to to their demands
Responsiveness: timely aid that helps citizens work out their jobs
Competence: cognizing how to acquire the occupation done
Dependability: constabulary service that routinely meets acceptable criterions
Respect: handling all members of the populace with self-respect and utilizing merely the sum of force required by competent officers to acquire the occupation done
Fairness: treating people reasonably under the jurisprudence and without prejudice toward personal features and background.
He envisaged that these constituents were indispensable as a theatrical production point for the betterment in the quality and professional service provided by the members of the T.T.P.S. in peculiar at the territory station degree. To this terminal, he recommended the preparation of the Model Station enterprise in which the foregoing constituents are to be used to their fullest consequence.
In order to rate, the effectivity of this enterprise experienced functionaries from the George Mason University ; U.S.A would measure the advancement and impact of the plan by:
Surveying officers assigned to the station territories to mensurate their perceptual experiences and experiences with the enterprise
Tabling informations routinely collected by the Police Service in tracking station activities
On-the-spot observations of constabulary activities in the station territories
Surveying occupants of the station territories to mensurate their perceptual experiences of the Police Service and their experiences offense and other jobs
The ends of this enterprise are achieved by:
Delegating competent and committed directors to take the Model Stations
Increasing the staffing of the Model Stations
Restricting the transportations from the Model Stations for one twelvemonth
Repairing and upgrading station installations
Supplying vehicles and indispensable providers and equipment to the Stationss
Supplying a broad scope of preparation for constables and supervisors
Constantly supervising the plan and doing alterations to run into the challenges
Keep the Police Service and the populace informed of the advancement
This enterprise started with the undermentioned constabulary Stationss:
West End Police Station- Western Division
Morvant Police Station- North Eastern Division
Arouca Police Station- Northern Division
Chaguanas Police Station- Central Division
San Fernando Police Station – Southern Division
Other constabulary Stationss are to come on watercourse in the hereafter. It is expected that this enterprise would see the much-anticipated turnaround in the grade of service and degree professionalism that the people of Trinidad and Tobago truly expect from its Police Service.
Every organisation in order to keep its effectivity, professionalism and merely set, supply the best merchandise for its clients must hold set plans to provide to the demands of its varied clients. The Trinidad and Tobago Police Service is no different, particularly as it provides a service, the protection of all citizens and visitants likewise from the condemnable component, who is soon harvesting mayhem on this twin island province.
Based on the enterprises of Professor Stephen Mastrofski, a new slogan was coined for the constabulary service ; “ To Protect and Serve With Pride ” whose acronym is:
These are all embodied in the Policing for People initiative ; nevertheless, we have viewed with dismay the progressively demoralized and proper equipment missing Trinidad and Tobago Police Service. Technology is used meagerly in the constabulary service, every bit good as there is no system for usage of the organisation greatest plus, its human resource. We have lief accepted the challenge of supplying a policy for a strong and technologically advanced constabulary service that is the best in the Western Hemisphere.
With this in head, we shall now uncover the strategic countries which our policy would seek to better upon for the move of the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service into the 20th century.
THE POLICY ‘S AREAS OF CONCERN
The Recruitment Procedure:
At present there exists a bill of exchange policy with regard to recruitment into the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service, the current statute law provides for the followers to be done in the Assessment as to the suitableness of an applier for his/her enlisting into the Police Service:
Recruitment of Trainees into the Police Service as stipulated by Regulations 3 and 4 of the Police Service Regulation 2007:
The demand for constabulary trainees includes:
Be a citizen of Trinidad and Tobago
Be required to go through a medical scrutiny.
Be required to undergo a polygraph trial, psychological trial and be tested for unsafe drugs at the cost of the Service.
Be of good character as grounds by a constabulary Certificate of Character.
Be no less than 18 old ages ( 18 ) and non more than 35 ( 35 ) old ages of age on January 1, 2009.
In the instance of a male, must be of good build and at least one hundred and 67 ( 167 ) centimetres in tallness,
In instance of a female, must be of good build and at least one hundred and 50s ( 1500 centimetres in tallness.
Possess five ( 5 ) base on ballss in the CXC Examinations including English linguistic communication at General Proficiency Grades I, II or III or Basic Proficiency Grade I or G.C.E O’Level Grades A, B, C.
Possess a Trinidad and Tobago driver ‘s license with a category 3 indorsement to drive light motor vehicles.
Be required to go through a physical scrutiny and an legerity trial.
Be required to go through a written scrutiny
Submit a sample of Deoxyribonucleic acid
Complete a prescribed application signifier
Submit finger print feelings for following
Undergo an probe
Be interviewed by a panel
Pass a medical psychiatric scrutiny
Submit to a blood trial
We are in full understanding with all of the above demands as applies to enroll into the Service ; this will afford the organisation to choose the best campaigner for the occupation.
In our opening piece on preparation we made reference of the present systems used to develop recruits into the constabulary service, nevertheless, these have now become a beginning of concern both for the academy ‘s teachers and direction.
The Police preparation college has being renamed the Police Academy and along with the name alteration there is now a Provost, Mr. Steve Watts a national of the United States of America, as the caput of the academy, with Assistant Superintendent of Police Mr. Anthony Bernard as his 2nd in bid. We are of the position that there are appropriately qualified locals capable of heading the direction of the academy, one of whom is ASP Bernard. He has the needed experience, makings and the professional temperament to keep that place.
The physical conditions in the academy must be upgraded rapidly to afford its staff and trainees the best possible environment to learn and larn their policing accomplishments. A course of study reviewed to include preparation in the usage of computing machines, debut to the scientific survey of forensics probes, an debut to psychological science, criminology and sociology ; societal scientific disciplines that are cardinal to understanding why individuals engage in aberrant behavior and advancement to go calling felons.
When the officer has graduated from the academy and is posted to their several divisions / branches the preparation must non halt at that place, alternatively we propose a system of in house preparation and refresher classs designed to convey officers up to day of the month with the latest tendencies in patroling and offense sensing and bar. There will at times be the demand for such preparation to be conducted by commissioned external bureaus.
Compulsory aggregation DNA samples from arrested individuals:
Soon there is no statute law to roll up DNA samples from individuals arrested for any offense or any offense ; this in its ego is one of the biggest drawbacks for successfully profiling felons and condemnable activity. The Legislative must be made cognizant of the importance of this scientific attack to offense combat. The finger print feelings of felons entirely can non help in the sensing of offenses and the delivery culprits to justness. In our pursuit for first universe position, all scientific methods of offense sensing must be employed.
C.A.P.A and C.I.U:
C.A.P.A is the acronym for Crime and Problem Analysis Branch, it was officially established in the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service on May 10, 2007, by manner of Cabinet Minute # 1155 of 2007. This Branch is a data- processing unit that analyses information from offense studies and other beginnings to better inform the crime-deterrence, break and sensing attempts of the service. At present this of import arm of the service is deplorably under staffed which in bend affects the effectivity of its operations. Consequently, we recommend the canonic strength must be increased to ; 2 ASP ‘s, 3 Inspectors, 8 Sergeants, 4 Corporals and 25 Constables, therefore giving the subdivision an equal adult male power pool to transport out its authorization.
C.I.U. is the acronym for the Criminal Intelligence Unit, it was established in the Service on July 22, 2005 with the authorization to:
Collect, collate, evaluate, analyse and disseminate intelligence in relation to targeted offenses
Establish a database and intelligence web embracing the State ‘s Prison
Acquire biodata of all individuals released, holding been incarcerated for the last 10 ( 10 ) old ages, for targeted offenses
Establish an intelligence web embracing all tribunals throughout Trinidad and Tobago
Keep a registry and supervise the activities of individuals repatriated by foreign authoritiess
The human resource of any organisation is one of its major assets as a consequence it must be fined tuned in such a mode so as to afford the employee every chance to make their fullest potency, both in their personal infinite and on the occupation, therefore supplying the organisation with the best the employee can offer. With this in head, we propose a extremist new move towards a comprehensive system of caring for the members of the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service. This would include:
The proviso of proper wellness and psychiatric attention for every member of the Service, the present system is excessively antediluvian and can non supply the necessary service for constabulary officers ; who are herded into the same edifice with members of other weaponries of the protective services.
Support systems to help forces in their clip of personal calamity, and non merely on the decease of a household member.
The assignment of Social Workers in every constabulary division
Proper recreational installations would to be housed in every divisional central office throughout the Service.
Military officers with substance maltreatment issues would undergo guidance and intervention at the appropriate establishments.
Free medical attending and medicines for households of service forces.
These steps are designed to further an component of caring for the officers, which is an of import psychological tool organisational direction implement worldwide with great success.
The Re-introduction of the Police Marine Branch:
From its origin up to the clip of its disbandment in the mid 1980s the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service Marine Branch played an of import function in the interception of illegal pieces and ammo, narco-traffickers and even the cross boundary line trade in harlotry, even though it suffered from the deficiency of efficient and sea worthy vass. After its ill-timed death the Waterss off the seashore of Trinidad and Tobago have become a oasis for all and assorted set on prosecuting in condemnable activity.
Consequently, we view the re-introduction of the Police Marine Branch to be another of the agencies to taking the battle to the felons. The attempts of the coastguard off our shores are obviously non plenty, even though they have some of the latest equipment and engineering at their disposal.
We closely examined what now applies as the witness protection plan and it was rather evident that this built-in constituent of jurisprudence enforcement and the successful prosecution of culprits of offenses was over looked and operated in a haphazard system of protection of cardinal informants. They more frequently than non go forth these “ safe houses ” and their dead organic structures found in other countries of the state. We propose a system, similar to what pertains in first universe states:
The informant is given a new individuality ( depending on the earnestness of the offense and dainties to their or their households lives ) ,
Suitable adjustment would be available at certain specified locations for informants and their households with around the clock protection, including CCTV surveillance within a two-mile radius.
Resettlement to other states with whom we have the required diplomatic dealingss should the demand arise
Witness and their households would have fiscal support until they can go self- sufficient in this respect.
The usage of Technology in the the Prevention of Criminal Activity
The bar of offense is one that Trinidad and Tobago like any other state that is endeavoring for first universe position will hold to cover with. History has shown that the more developed a society becomes the more it has to cover with serious offense. We propose some of the undermentioned stairss to forestall serious offense and we would utilize modern twenty-four hours engineering as a chief arm to take our class.
Computerization of Operationss:
First, we want to implement a national computing machine cyberspace work that all Government bureaus would now utilize and a new constabulary intelligence unit would hold entree to at a push of a button. This would intend that any vehicle that would hold registered with the licensing office the constabulary would hold entree to that information as to type, theoretical account, make, coloring material and proprietor merely by ascribing the enrollment figure of the vehicle under surveillance.
This information would be available to the officers on Mobile patrol since our policy would see the execution of all constabularies patrol vehicles being equipped with computing machines that are link to the constabulary bid Centre. The officers on nomadic patrol would now cognize if a auto is bearing false home bases or non as these stolen vehicles are often used to perpetrate other offenses
Fig. 1 ; usage of computing machines in constabularies nomadic units.
Fig. 1 ; computing machine used in nomadic unit
CLOSED CIRCUIT TELEVISION CAMERAS
We will go on to put in CCTV cameras in our capital, towns and Government edifices to function as a hindrance to the manque wrongdoer or condemnable. We will besides seek statute law for this picture footage to be admissible in our tribunals. Contact would be made with officers on pes or nomadic patrol, directing them to where the incident is taking topographic point. Condemnable activity can now see from assorted locations within the metropolis. No thirster will the constabularies have to wait on person to name in an incident and so react, the constabulary will see firsthand offenses in advancement.
A turning figure of metropoliss across the United States and abroad hold installed webs of closed-circuit telecasting ( CCTV ) cameras. Police officers monitor the picture in an attempt to forestall offense and gimmick violators in the act. You have likely seen the cameras ; they are deliberately conspicuous. Signs Lashkar-e-Taiba you know your actions are being recorded. This jurisprudence enforcement tendency started in the United Kingdom in 1986 with three cameras in a 1-square-mile country in a town called King ‘s Lynn. Today, England has more CCTV cameras than any state in the universe, with half a million doing up its web, nicknamed the “ Ring of Steel ”
Closed Circuit Television cameras.
Armored vehicles for our constabulary officers
Our program continues on the way to fit the constabulary with a few armoured vehicles as to be able to win the war against the new type of condemnable we see today. With the promotion of arms and the drug trade, felons have entree to some of the most sophisticated type of arms and the work forces and adult females we put out at that place we intend to protect them. These vehicles would be used in draws with felons and foraies where officers may come under fire. The felons kill each other without believing and constabularies officers have died by the gun of these felons so before they become bolder we intend to set thing in topographic point.
The BATT-AP has a to the full integrated armoured goon that provides maximal protection in a patrol size vehicle. Armored to get the better of high power armored acute unit of ammunitions and engineered to transport 12-14 officers in an urban and off-road puting the BATT-AP maintains preciseness handling and the ability to prolong high velocities. A to the full insulated BATT-AP will maintain internal temperatures cooler for your officers
. Fig. 4 ; The BATT-AP
Night Vision Device:
The proper tool ever makes the occupation easier and our program is to acquire the tools along with the preparation, which you would hold, heard us speak earlier on to the constabulary officers. Contending offense has ever been a undertaking in the twenty-four hours and more so the dark and with this in head engineering once more comes into topographic point. We intent to provide officers with dark vision devices ( N.V.D. ) e.g. and in making so do them more equip to work in zero visibleness in the darkest of topographic point or dark.
A dark vision device ( NVD ) is an optical instrument that allows images to be produced in degrees of visible radiation nearing entire darkness. They are most frequently used by the military and jurisprudence enforcement bureaus. The term normally refers to a complete unit, including an image intensive tubing, a protective and by and large water-repellent lodging, and some type of mounting system. Many NVDs besides include sacrificial lenses, IR illuminators, and telescopic lenses.
Night vision devices were foremost used in World War II, and came into broad usage during the Vietnam War. The engineering has evolved greatly since their debut, taking to several “ coevalss ” of dark vision equipment with public presentation increasing and monetary value decreasing.
The dark vision devices besides can be used on pieces to able the constabulary a clear position of their mark in the event of a confrontation at dark therefore restricting the opportunities of the constabulary losing their mark
Fig.5 ; Night Vision Device.
The Radar Gun:
These two devices will help to halt this type of offense by helping the constabulary with the tools for early sensing. And as the old stating “ goes bar is better than remedy ”
A radio detection and ranging gun or velocity gun is a little Doppler radio detection and ranging unit used to observe the velocity of objects, particularly trucks and cars for the intent of modulating traffic, every bit good as pitched baseballs, smugglers or other traveling objects in athleticss. A radio detection and ranging gun does non return information sing the object ‘s place. It relies on the Doppler Effect applied to a radio detection and ranging beam to mensurate the velocity of objects at which it is pointed. Radar guns may be handheld or vehicle-mounted.
Most of today ‘s radio detection and ranging guns operate at X, K, Ka, IR Band ( infrared ) , and ( in Europe ) Ku bands. An alternate engineering, LIDAR, uses pulsed optical maser visible radiation.
Serious Accidents on the roadways that maim, cripple and take lives are chiefly because of two misdemeanors, foremost rushing and 2nd intoxicant, which so of class leads to rushing. The constabulary officers will now be on par with their first universe counter parts with the debut of the breathalyser and the velocity gun.
Fig. 6 ; manus held radio detection and ranging gun Fig. 7 ; stationary radio detection and ranging gun
Death Clang: The accident along the Churchill Roosevelt Highway which claimed the life of Gail Legall Wilson, the lone resident in the auto. The truck driver was non hurt in the incident. Photograph by Erica Ramjass.
Killer auto: The lacerate wreck of a auto driven by Keagan Harylagan, 19, of Boodoo Trace, Penal which ran off the Solomon Hochoy Highway. Harylagan died at infirmary while his two friends remain warded in critical status.
Photograph by Dave Persad.
A breathalyser is a device for gauging blood intoxicant content ( BAC ) from a breath sample.
Breath analysers do non straight mensurate blood intoxicant content or concentration, which requires the analysis of a blood sample. Alternatively, they estimate BAC indirectly by mensurating the sum ofA alcoholA in one’sA breath. Two signifier factors are most prevailing. Desktop analysers by and large utilize infraredA spectrophotometerA engineering, electrochemicalA cell engineering, or a combination of the two. Hand-held field proving devices are by and large based on electrochemicalA fuel cellA analysis, and depending upon legal power may be used by officers in the field as a signifier of “ field soberness trial ” normally called preliminary breath trial or preliminary intoxicant showing, or as evidentiary devices in point of apprehension testing.
Fig.8 ; The Breathalyzer.
On November 16, 2009, the President of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago George Maxwell Richards proclaimed the Breathalyzer into the Torahs of Trinidad and Tobago
Anti-Terrorism Unit of measurement:
There is one anti- terrorist act unit in the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service ; it is the Multi-Optional Police Squad otherwise known by its acronym MOPS. This squad played an of import function on July 27, 2009 by get the better ofing the Jamaat-Al Musleem, a group of Islamic fundamentalists led by Yasin Abu Baker with reported links to the Al Qaeda. This squad must hold all resources it needs, if it is to go on to protect the people from the turning world-wide menace by those determined to transport out Acts of the Apostless of terrorist act in its varied signifiers. This would include manpower, physical equipment and any other resource its commanding officers deem as necessary.
Community Policing Section:
The Community Police Section was re-introduced in 1996 as an anti-crime scheme as domestic was targeted as a major country of involvement. In 1999, with the Revised Domestic Violence Act victims of domestic force received greater protection. However, we discovered that much of the good work done by officers assigned to these units in the yesteryear have non being further developed. Consequently, we would re-energize the community constabulary subdivision since there is more than of all time a demand for the societal services that it provides. At present, this subdivision operates chiefly as a young person group organiser, with small or no accent placed on the parents or defenders of the young persons. The constabulary service must make out to the communities, this has the consequence of hammering links and long permanent friendly relationship and positive interaction between the two.
We are of the sentiment that with the execution of the predating countries mentioned in our policy for the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service in its war on offense and condemnable activity, we would see an betterment in the sensing rates and the subsequent bead in the current spiraling offense rate. Added to this we strongly recommend the assignment of a Commissioner of Police. The non-appointment of a C.O.P. is a serious indictment on those elected to take charge of our democracy. Soon the moving commissioner of constabulary has already received two ( 2 ) extensions to his acting term of office, the officer selected by the Police Service Commission, Assistant Commissioner of Police Mr. Stephen Williams, was soundly rejected by the Prime Minister on the evidences that the choice procedure was flawed.
As it stands today, the direction of the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service is wholly barren of any shred of managerial accomplishments, therefore the deficiency of any meaningful enterprises with regard to the proper usage of the work force of the service in the bar of condemnable activity in Trinidad and Tobago.
The person selected for the place of Commissioner of Police must hold an empirical record of achievement in footings of direction accomplishments and acquiring those under his/her bid to acquire the occupation done expeditiously and efficaciously.
Any farther hold in make fulling this place, which is important to supplying leading of the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service, and the countries outlined in our policy, would farther corrupt this states police service.
The Trinidad and Tobago Police Service is the Parastatal bureau charged with protecting the people and visitants to our state, this authorization is highly of import to the development of Trinidad and Tobago towards the envisioned Twenty-Twenty ( 20/20 ) and the ensuing first universe position. At soon we are all staggering under the effects of the up rush in condemnable activity and the general position of the man-in-the-street is that the constabulary service is unable or unwilling to forestall condemnable activity.
Therefore, the execution of our policy is of paramount importance in accomplishing our end in the bar of condemnable activity in our state. The hereafter development of our state rests on the ability of the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service to observe offense and other misdemeanors of the jurisprudence.
Therefore, the mission statement of the T.T.P.S. ; “ To Promote Safety, Security, and Stability for the State by continuing the Laws steadfastly and reasonably, while guaranting prompt, Courteous and Professional Service in Partnership with the Communities ” , will be an come-at-able end.
Heads of the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service over the old ages:
Colonel Herbert E.J.Brake C.B D.S.GA Colonel George Douglas Twain C.M.GA
Commanding Officer 1902-1907 Commanding Officer 1907-1916
Colonel George Herbert May J.I.G V.GA Colonel Arthur Stephen Mavrogordato G.B.E
Commanding Officer 1916-1930 Commanding Officer 1931-19 38
Colonel Walter Angus Muller C.M.G C. St. J. Colonel Eric Hammet Fairfax Beadon G.B.E
Commissioner of Police 1938-1948 Commissioner of Police 1949-1962
George Thomas Whitmore Carr C.V.G G.B.E Q.P.M E.D James Porter Reid M.G.M Q.P.MA
Commissioner of Police 1962-1966 Commissioner of Police 1966-1970
Francis Eustace Bernard M.G.M Q.P.MA Claud Anthony May M.G.MA
Commissioner of Police 1970-1973 Commissioner of Police 1973-1978
Randolph Urich Burroughs M.O.M T.CA Jim RodriguezA
Commissioner of Police 1978-1987 Commissioner of Police 1987-1990
Noor K. Mohammed
Jules BernardA Commissioner of Police 1996-1998
Commissioner of Police 1990-1996
Hilton Guy Everald Snaggs
Commissioner of Police 1998-2003 Commissioner of Police 2003-2004
Trevor Paul James Philbert
Commissioner of Police 2004-2008 Ag. Commissioner of Police, nowadays
Policy for the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service for the Prevention of Criminal Activity in Trinidad and Tobago