Given the corporate dimension of action, it is no longer possible to construct a societal order on the thought that parties in the market merely bear a limited duty for public issues while the province is merely in a place to command the market by agencies of restricting conditions.A ( Dubbink, 2003, p. 173 )

Course registration and readying

We kindly ask you to register for this Course through thisA formA ( opens in a new window ) , separate from formal registration. In our Course, we will utilize this information forA directing out the take-home test, and printing consequences. It besides serves for the designation of existent Master pupils, information requested by the Teaching Office. Please note that if you fail to register here, you can non take part in the test. You do non hold to register for the test through the University systems.

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The list will besides be used for last-minute cancellations. When you submit your phone figure, you will be advised ofA cancellations through a call concatenation. Make certain your personal informations ( email reference and phone figure ) is filled in right. You can direct alterations to the class coordinator.

Thank you for your engagement! !

Form nexus: hypertext transfer protocol: // key=pMHt4eqZIrn6zgZ62jFeDRQ

Before the first talk, you are advised to:

– Enrol in Blackboard ( if you have no entree certificates, delight reach the class coordinator )

– Register ( run intoing the petition in the box above ; this applies to everybody )

– Acquire the book by Needham ( see syllabus point ‘compulsory literature ‘ ) A and obtain the readings for the first talk from Blackboard ( or the class coordinator in instance you can non entree Blackboard ) .

– Read the points for the first talk, as detailed below.

– See a subject for your group assignments, and attack possible squad members ( see Blackboard, Docs, Group formation ) .

– Brand notice of the Course agenda ( note we will hold tutorials on the Monday afternoon from the 2nd hebdomads onwards ; you are obliged to attendA the tutorials, without exclusions ; A attending to talks is recommended ) .

– Inform the class coordinator of jobs and issues to be discussed at the first meeting ; reach one of the coachs if you want to discourse personal affairs or fortunes in private.


( 1 ) Arnoud Lagendijk ( coordinator ) Room TvA 3.1.67, tel. ( 024-36 ) 16204, electronic mail: a.lagendijk @, web site: A hypertext transfer protocol: // ( AL )

( 2 ) Mark Wiering, Room TvA 3.1.59, tel. ( 024-36 ) 15567, electronic mail: m.wiering @, web site: A hypertext transfer protocol: // ( MW )

You can reach the secretariat on ( 024-36 ) 12099

The coachs will learn most talks and oversee all tutorials. Assorted talks are given by guest professors – we are really thankful for their willingness to take part.


Coachs can be approached during office hours by phone or in individual, and by mail. If you have a question, do non waver to reach us, but delight read this Course manual foremost. Students are expected to give notice of absence for tutorials and all other meetings and events except talks ( by electronic mail or voice mail on 024-3616204 ) . You can anticipate us to react quickly and adequately ; in return, we expect pupil to act professionally and responsibly throughout the class.


The coachs would wish to thank Pieter Leroy and Frans Padt for their parts to planing earlier versions of this Course.



Which roles do major institutional spheres – province, market and civil societyA – drama in turn toing today ‘s spatial and environmental issues?

What forms of spatial and environmental administration do emerge from the interactions between these spheres?

What is the significance of the ‘public involvement ‘ in determining new signifiers of administration?

What function is played by other steering rules: economic fight, public engagement, sustainability?

What is the impact of new signifiers of administration on planning processs and policy devising?

What hereafter functions could and should the province, market and civil society drama in visible radiation of this argument?

In this class, we will concentrate on these inquiries following an institutional attack towards basic social dealingss and agreements. ‘Institutions ‘ are understood in a double manner. First, at a micro/meso-level, as the ‘rules of the game ‘ A and ”discursive forms ‘ that determine the signifiers of action or manner of thought in a specific context of spacial action and policy-making. Second, at a meso/macro-level, establishments encompass the basic relationships between the province, market, and civil society, including the on-going displacements in these relationships.

The Course physiques on a assortment of subjects and issues, including the economic system, human ecology, environment, and spacial developments, debated in the Bachelors stage. Here we will concentrate on how the institutional context of policy-making and spatial and environmental planning has changed, and is still undergoing alteration. We will measure how spatial-environmental jobs are presently conceived and framed, and what this means for current signifiers of, and possibilities for intercession. The Course will get down with researching major social issues, including relentless jobs such as environmental debasement, overfishing, urban conurbation and traffic congestion. These issues will be considered in the visible radiation of assorted ‘grand ‘ institutional theories, straddling the degrees of universe positions, organisation ( administration ) , ordinance ( e.g. the function of regulations and market forces ) , and policy action. Three basic positions stand out:


economical positions, stressing the usage of market forces and establishments, with a acute involvement in belongings rights and public- private ordinance ;

political and state-oriented attacks, including positions on public involvement in policy devising and policy execution ( including new public direction ) ;

arguments on ( new ) manners of administration, such as participatory coordination theoretical accounts, alternate manners of democracy and multi-level administration.

In the following portion we will concentrate on how new signifiers of administration might be able to turn to major jobs in better ways, with peculiar attending for the function of, and interactions between, the ‘market ‘ and ‘civil society’.A

Finally, we will debate the capacity of contrivers and policy shapers to prosecute peculiar aspirations and schemes ( such as better signifiers of land usage, sustainability, democracy, … ) through alterations in institutional agreements and peculiar signifiers of policy-making. This includes an geographic expedition of concrete alterations in peculiar spheres of spacial planning and environmental policy devising. While we focus chiefly on the function of establishments, such concrete alterations are non seen as simply inactive responses to broader displacements and inducements. They are besides shaped by peculiar positions and patterns at a more micro degree, and by the peculiar functions ( and inventions ) adopted by contrivers and policy shapers. So, at this degree, we see specific agreements, patterns and establishments emerge, which, in bend, prompt alterations at the meso and macro-level.

To analyze this in more item, pupils will set about group and single workA in which they seek to understand and turn to one self-selected ‘wicked job ‘ , in the signifier of two assignments. The concluding appraisal will be in the signifier of a take-home test.


The overall end of this Course is quadruple. On Course completion, the pupils should be able toA

to detail and explicate the complexness and evil of pressing spacial and environmental jobs, on the footing of the functions major institutional spheres ( province, market, society ) drama in these jobs

to characterize the social function of major institutional spheres in footings of nucleus theoretical positions ( institutional theory, administration attacks, institutional economic attacks and policy positions )

to unknot a concrete ( self-chosen ) ‘wicked job ‘ using institutional attacks, and to plan a probationary scheme to turn to this job

to reflect on how such a scheme could be pursued from the position of a policy agent

Secondary ends include:

the capacity to depict and explicate jobs and issues finding the spatial and environmental planning spheres in institutional footings ;

the capacity to understand the flowering and position of such jobs in a wide geographical and historical context ; A

understanding and cognition of scientific and policy constructs, methods and procedures, bearing upon pressing spacial and environmental issues ; A

cognition of selected policy and planning patterns at different administration degrees ;

the ability to reflect critically on selected theoretical and methodological attacks, and to place the normative elements in policy and planning recommendations ; A

the capacity to pass on in a professional manner ( on paper and orally ) with a co-workers and professionals, both separately and in groups, and to reflect upon the assorted functions policy shapers can play.A



The cardinal instruction signifiers are talking, tutorials and assignments:

Lecturing serves chiefly to supply an overview, and to explicate the background, chief subjects and theoretical impressions presented in the literature, and to supply infinite for inquiries and argument. Note that the cardinal beginning of information for the Course is the literature, non the talks. The contents will be assessed through a written test at the terminal of the class. Lectures take topographic point on Monday forenoon ( with exclusions in the afternoon ) .

Tutorials are devoted to a more in-depth treatment of the literature and their practical application to self-selected policy spheres, followed by an debut and supervising of the Course Assignments. Tutorials are given to the coach groups formed around self-selected policy subjects ( appr. 5 pupils ) , on Monday afternoons. Specific hours will be set by the coachs after group formation.

Assignments include both group and single work. There areA twoA assignments, running parallel to the talks. Students should run into the deadlines set for both bill of exchange ( first assignment merely ) and concluding texts ( the 2nd assignment is handed in with the test ) .


Note that pupils are obliged to go to the tutorialsA ( talks are recommended ) ; In instance of absence or hold, delight advise your coach by electronic mail ( one twenty-four hours before ) , by phone, or ( in instance of no response ) voice mail ( 024-3616204 ) . In the involvement of all participants, A pupils ‘ attending will be capable to monitoring.



Literature Beginnings and Course Workload

This class contains a list of prescribed literature ; besides, pupils are obliged to choose and read an extra 200 pages.


Journal articles are available via on-line contents ( hypertext transfer protocol: // , besides available from outside the university campus if you login via the placeholder waiter, see hypertext transfer protocol: // ) . Alternatively, usage Google Scholar ( hypertext transfer protocol: // ) its Fulltext option ( direct or utilizing FSX, this merely works if you are logged on to the Library web ) A


If you need assist accessing on line contents, contact Arnoud LagendijkA A

The Course work load is 6 ECTS, bing 168A hours of survey. This includes on a more or less hebdomadal footing, during 8-9 hebdomads, two hours of lecture, 7 tutorialsA plus readying, and literature survey per session ( covering prescribed literature and excess instance stuff ) .

A In item:

prescribed litA ( 443A pages read at 6 page/h ) A A A A A A A A A = A 74A hours

assignments A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A = 44 hours

150 pages of excess literatureA A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A = 20 hours

lecturesA & A ; tutorialsA A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A =A 30A hours

Entire =A 168A hours


The Course is assessed on the footing of two assignments and a take-home examA which consists of an essay and inquiries. You do n’t necessitate to inscribe for this test through the RU Exam Registration System – but should hold registered for the Course as indicated under ‘Course Enrolment and Preparation ‘ above. The day of the month for the test is set early October in audience with the pupils ( in order to minimise struggles with other exam duties ) .

Each pupil hands in assignments and the test at the setA deadlines. The first assignment concerns group work that counts for 30 % of the entire class. The 2nd assignment consists of an single essay that is handed in with the concluding test ; it besides counts for 30 % . The concluding appraisal consists of an separately written, take-home test that counts for the staying 40 % of the entire class. The minimal mark for each point is a 5 ; points with lower tonss will necessitate to be redone.

The return place test consists of two to three test inquiries, each incorporating a figure of sub-questions. A good appreciation of the prescribed literature will be a nucleus facet of the test ‘s appraisal. The inquiries are in line with the theoretical account inquiries listed at the terminal of this usher. You are advised to analyze these inquiries throughout the class and to raise any question or issue during the talks and tutorials.

Registration for the test takes topographic point though filling in the Course ‘ engagement list ( see above ) .A Make sure this list contains a correct and working electronic mail reference. After circulation of the instructions and inquiries, the test documents need to be handed in within 48 hours in an electronic format. Responses can be given in either English or Dutch. ESEP and Planet EuropeA pupils should describe in English. Exams will be tested for plagiarism.

In add-on, each pupil submits an individualA overview of excess readings ( reading list ) A ( 150A pages ) , as used in the assignments. This list should merely include academic and professional literature, that is, points that contain mentions in the text and a bibliography ( non basic instance stuff ) , in any common language.A The listing should incorporate pages read per point and in entire ( 150A pages minimal ) . You merely need to supply basic bibliographical inside informations, like in a mention list at the terminal of an academic paper, plus the figure of pages consulted for each point. The list should be included in the 2nd assignment. You can pull on the recommended list of readings or on points you find yourself.

Assignment and concluding tonss are displayed through Blackboard ( ‘grades ‘ button ) . Tonss are published in the signifier of a list placing pupils merely through their pupil figure. If you do non desire your inside informations to be displayed ( this is your statutory right ) , delight inform the Course Coordinator.

There is no feedback possible during the take-home test. If you have inquiries on the test or the essays, delight guarantee you use the clip provided during tutorials and the audiences in the hebdomads before the test.




Note: you need to roll up the literature yourself ; instructions on how to make this are included at the start of the Guide under ‘Course registration and readying ‘

Part A. Introduction


( 1 ) – 3 Sept. Contested dealingss between markets, provinces and civil society in a spacial universe ( debut ) – Arnoud Lagendijk & A ; Mark Wiering [ 53p ]


Compulsory reading: A

Humanistic disciplines, B ; Leroy, P. ( 2006 ) Institutional Dynamics in Environmental Governance, in Arts, B and Leroy, P ( Eds ) , Institutional Dynamics in Environmental Governance, Ch 1 ( pp. 1-18 ) . Springer, Dordrecht [ ISBN: 978-1-4020-5078-7 ] [ 19p ] .

Stoker, G ( 1998 ) Governance as theory: five propositions, International Social Science Journal, 50 ( 155 ) , pp. 17-28 [ 12p ]

Hall, P. A. and Taylor, R. C. R. ( 1996 ) Political scientific discipline and the three new institutionalisms. Political Studies, 44, . 936-57 [ 22p ] ( note: this corresponds to the ‘discussion paper ‘ version that can be found on the Internet ) .


Recommended reading:

Humanistic disciplines, B. and Tatenhove, J new wave. ( 2006 ) Political modernization, in Arts, B and Leroy, P ( Eds ) , Institutional Dynamics in Environmental Governance, 21-44 Springer, Dordrecht [ 24p ] .

WRR ( 2011 ) . Publieke zaken in de marktsamenleving. Amsterdam University Press, Amsterdam 2012, e-isbn 978 90 4851 669 8 ( ePub ) .

Part B. Basic establishments and their function in spacial administration: province, market and civil society

( 2 ) 10A Sept. / The province and the general/public involvement ( Arnoud Lagendijk ) [ 41p ]


Compulsory readings:

Humanistic disciplines, B. and Lagendijk, A. ( 2009 ) The Disoriented State. In: Shifts in Governmentality, Territoriality and Governance: An Introduction. In Bas, A, Lagendijk, A and Houtum, Henk new wave: The Disoriented State: Shifts in Governmentality, Territoriality and Governance. Springer, 231-247 [ 17 ]

Alexander, E.R. ( 2002 ) The public involvement in be aftering: from legitimation to substantive program rating, in Planning Theory 1 ( 3 ) , 226-249 [ 24 ] .


Recommended reading: A

Schmidt V. A. ( 2005 ) Institutionalism and the province, in Hay C. , Marsh, D. & A ; Lister, M. ( Eds ) The province: Theories and issues, Basingstoke: Palgrave [ 22 ] .


( 3 ) 17 Sept./ Market: institutional economic sciences, belongings rights, private-public ordinance ( Arnoud Lagendijk ) [ 69p ] A


Compulsory readings: A

Needham B. ( 2006 ) . Planning, jurisprudence and economic sciences. The regulations we make for utilizing land, Ch. 2 ( pp. 18-29 ) and Ch. 4 ( pp. 52-75 ) . London: Routledge [ 36p ] [ prescribed book ] .

Scherer, A.G. and Palazzo, G. ( 2011 ) The New Political Role of Business in a Globalized Universe: A Review of a New Perspective on CSR and its Deductions for the Firm, Governance, and Democracy. Journal of Management Studies 48 ( 9 ) , 899-931 [ 33p ]


Recommended reading:

Needham B. ( 2006 ) . Planning, jurisprudence and economic sciences. The regulations we make for utilizing land. London: Routledge. [ choice from staying chapters, prescribed book ]

Padt, F. ( 2007 ) . New public direction and beyond. In: Green planning. An institutional analysis of regional environmental planning in the Netherlands, Ch. 4 ( pp. 51-72 ) . Delft: Eburon [ 22 ] .

Aspers, P ( 2009 ) . How Are Markets Made? MPIfG Working Paper 09 /2. Max-Planck-Institut fur Gesellschaftsforschung, Koln. ISSN 1864-4333 ( Internet )



( 4 ) 24 Sept./ Civil Society and administration positions ( Mark Wiering ) A [ 80p ]


Compulsory readings: A

Pierre, J. and Guy Peters, B G. ( 2000 ) . Governance, Politics and the State ( pp. 114-127 and 137-159 ) . Houndsmill, Basingstoke: Macmillan. [ ISBN 0-3333-94506-9, 231p ] [ 37p ] .

Michael Edwards ( 2004 ) “ Civil Society ” Cambridge /Oxford/ Malden, Polity Press ; proclamation book and chapter 2 ‘Civil Society as associational life ‘ pp. 18-36 [ 19p ]

Sorensen, E. and Torfing, J. A ( 2009 ) . Making administration webs effectual and democratic through metagovernance, Public Administration Vol. 87, No. 2, pp. 234-25 ) [ 24p ]

Recommended reading:

Healey, P. ( 1997 ) . An institutionalist attack to spacial planning. In: P. Healey, A. Khakee, A. , Motte and B Needham et Al ( ed. ) , Making strategic spacial programs ; invention in Europe ( pp. 21-36 ) . London: UCL Press [ 15 ] ( no library e-copy )

Gualini, E. ( 2006 ) The rescaling of administration in Europe: New spacial and institutional principles. European Planning Studies, 14 ( 7 ) , 881-904 [ 24p ] .

Peters, B.G. and Pierre, J. ( 1998 ) . Administration Without Government? Rethinking Public Administration. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 8, 2: 223-243.


( 5 ) A 1 Oct./ New connexions between province, market and civil society ( Arnoud Lagendijk & A ; Mark Wiering ) [ 65p ]

Compulsory readings: A

Lemos, Carmen M. and Agrawal ( 2006 ) Environmental Governance. Annual Review of environmental Resources 31: 297-225 [ 29p ]

Lam, M. E. , and Pauly, D. ( 2010 ) Who is right to angle? Evolving a societal contract for ethical piscaries. Ecology and Society 15 ( 3 ) 16, 1-19. ( hypertext transfer protocol: // ) A [ 19p ]

Mueckenberger, U. and Jastram, S. ( 2010 ) . Multinational Norm-Building Networks, and the Legitimacy of Corporate Social Responsibility Standards, Journal of Business Ethics 97, 223-239 [ 17p ]

Recommended reading:

Swyngedouw, E. ( 2005 ) .A Governance invention and the citizen: The Janus face of governance-beyond-the-State. A – Urban Surveies, A 42 A ( 11 ) , 1991-2006

Part C. Institutional alteration in policy-making and new functions for contrivers and policy-makers

( 6 ) 8A Oct. / Institutional analysis and lodging ( Jan-Kees Helderman ) [ 20p ]

Note: talk starts at 13.45!

Compulsory reading:

Streeck, W. and Ph. Schmitter ( 1985 ) ‘Community, Market, province – and Associations? The Prospective Contribution of Interest Governance to Social Order. European Sociological Review, Vol.1, No.2: 119-138. [ 20 P ]

Recommended reading:

Ostrom, E. ( 1990 ) , Regulating the Commons, The development of establishments for corporate action, Cambridge University Press: An institutional attack to the survey of self-organisation and self-governance in CPR state of affairss ( Ch. 2, pp.29-57 ) [ 28p ] .

Offe, C. 2009, ‘Governance: an empty form ‘ ? Configurations, Vol.16, No.4, pp. 550-560



( 7 ) 15 Oct./ Global Governance ( Pieter Leroy ) [ 74p ]


Compulsory readings:

Paterson, Matthew ( 2009 ) A Global administration for sustainable capitalist economy? The political economic system of planetary environmental administration In: Adger, Neil and Andrew Jordan, A Governing Sustainability, Cambridge/ New York: Cambridge University Press, 99-121 [ 23 ]

Abbott, K. W. and Snidal, D. ( 2001 ) , International ‘standards ‘ and international administration, Journal of European Public Policy 8 ( 3 ) , 345-370 [ 35 ]

Meadowcroft, J. ( 2007 ) ‘Who is in Charge here? Governance for Sustainable Development in a Complex World ‘ , Journal of Environmental Policy & A ; Planning, 9: 3, 299 – 314 [ 16 ] .

Recommended reading: A A

Bitzera, V, Francken, M and Glasbergen, A, Intersectoral partnerships for a sustainable java concatenation: Truly turn toing sustainability or merely picking ( java ) cherries? A Global Environmental Change 18 ( 2008 ) 271-284

Held, D. ( 2006 ) Reframing Global Governance, Apocalypse Soon or Reform! New Political Economy, 11 ( 2 ) , 157-176 [ 20 ]

Beck, U. ( 2006 ) : Automatic administration: Politicss in the planetary hazard society. In Vo? , J-P, D.Bauknecht and R. Kemp ( explosive detection systems ) Reflexive Governance for Sustainable Development ( pp 31-56 ) , Edward Elgar, Chelterham [ 26 ] .


( 8 ) 22A Oct./ New functions for contrivers and policy-makers ( Arnoud Lagendijk ) A


Compulsory readings: A

Rydin, Y. ( 2007 ) . Re-examining the function of cognition within be aftering theory. Planing Theory, 6, 52-68 [ 17 ] .

Sandercock, L. ( 1998 ) . Towards cosmopolis. Chichester: Wiley, pp. 204-219 [ 15 ] .


Recommended reading: A A

Humanistic disciplines, B. Leroy, P. ( 2006 ) Institutional processes in Environmental Governance. Lots of kineticss, non much alteration, Ch. 13, in Arts, B and Leroy, P ( Eds ) , Institutional Dynamics in Environmental Governance ( pp. 267-282 ) Springer, Dordrecht [ 16 ] .

Buitelaar, E, Jacobs, W and Lagendijk, A ( 2007 ) . A theory of institutional alteration: Illustrated by Dutch city-provinces and Dutch land policy, Environment & A ; Planing A, 39, pages 891-908 [ 18 ] . ]

Healey, P. ( 2004 ) . The New Institutionalism and the Transformative Goals of Planning. Planning and Institutions. N. Verma. New Brunswick, New Jersey, Center for Urban Policy ResearCh. 1-20 [ 20 ] .

Needham B. , 2006, The new Dutch spatial planning, act, continuity and alteration in the manner in which the Dutch modulate the pattern of spacial planning, Planning Practice and Research, 20 ( 3 ) , pp. 327-340 [ 14 ] .

Halffman, W. ( 2007 ) From dickering to deliberation ( and back once more? ) . Adept advice to public policy in Dutch spatial planning. Mimeo, Political Science, University of Amsterdam.

Lagendijk, A. and Needham ( 2010 ) . The short lifetime of the Netherlands Institute for Spatial Research. On the framing patterns of a think armored combat vehicle for spacial development and planning. Mimeo, Institute for Management Research, Nijmegen ( forthcoming ) A





This is the “ Catch 22 ” about wicked jobs: you ca n’t larn about the job without seeking solutions, but every solution you try is expensive and has enduring unintended effects which are likely to engender new wicked jobs.

Rittel and Webber, 1973



We live in a ‘dynamic ‘ universe, but besides one in which many issues and patterns are profoundly entrenched and fixed. How to finance public public-service corporations and substructure in countries of urban and residential enlargement? Where to turn up ‘unwanted ‘ signifiers of land usage, such as waste disposal and atomic workss? How to regulate the relationships between nucleus urban countries and environing suburbs and rural countries? How to turn to jobs of traffic congestion and lodging shortages? Western societies, in peculiar, have been confronting such jobs frequently for over a century. Furthermore, much of the ‘dynamism ‘ we experience is far from positive. Climate alteration, scarceness of clean H2O, urban want, threatened security, etc. present major jobs to our societies. In the hunt for solutions, a major challenge is how to get the better of entrenched places, fixed establishments and vested involvements. While many jobs are ‘dynamic ‘ , our capacity to turn to the jobs is frequently desiring due to a lacking capacity for alteration and even straight-out palsy. Problems turn out to be ‘wicked ‘ : endemic and extremely resilient.A


The assignments in this Course will imply a group-based survey of a self-selected ‘wicked ‘ job in the field of spatial-environmental policy. So the subject should associate to a specific endemic job, failure or catastrophe. Groups should dwell ofA about five studentsA per group. One of the cardinal undertakings for each group will be to associate the issue to institutional alterations and social developments that are discussed in the literature and in the talks. In more item, there are three assignments with the following aims: A


Assignment A ( group activity ) introduces the issue, explicating the job and its ‘wicked ‘ and digesting character from an institutional perspective.A

Assignment B ( single ) explores possible solutions from one of the positions discussed in the Course, to be coordinated at group degree to forestall overlaps.A A

Assignments should be foremost handed in as a bill of exchange to have remarks from the coach. You are strongly advised to make this, since this will greatly better your opportunities for a good appraisal. In add-on, delight detect the undermentioned regulations:

All assignments should follow with academic standardsA refering construction ( cover – foreword – debut – proposition – debate – decision – recognition – mentions – appendices ) ,

Screens should include ( a ) all writers ‘ names, ( B ) pupil Numberss, ( degree Celsius ) class name and figure, ( vitamin D ) assignment title/number, ( vitamin E ) essay rubric, ( degree Fahrenheit ) day of the month and ( g ) position of the manuscript ( bill of exchange, concluding, revised, etc ) .

You should use common formats of citing ( like “ Kramsch, 1999 ” ) and bibliography, in an consistent mode, as taught during the Bachelors stage.

All work quoted from whatever beginning should be punctually acknowledged through the usage of A referencesA ( sooner in APA-format ) . Do non utilize footers, and to non mention to talks ( use underlying texts alternatively.

All work will be submitted to Ephorus to prove for unattributed or unauthorised copying. You are encouraged to utilize quotation marks whenever appropriate – make certain they are ever decently referenced and “ quote-marked ” .

Manuscript should be handed in as aA singleA electronic file in RTF ( or Word ) format ( no Pdf, no Zips ) , sent as a individual fond regard to your coach utilizing the Blackboard Email installation.

When passing in revised versions, grade all alterations made, either by utilizing ‘track alterations ‘ or by using a background coloring material. Besides provide a sum-up of all alterations made in an attendant missive or electronic mail, explicating how you have met remarks received.

Essaies should sooner be written in English. If the group composing allows for this, and all participants agree, Dutch is besides permitted ( assorted documents are non allowed ; quotation marks may be included in their original linguistic communication ) . Note that ESEP pupils need to present end product in English.

In instance of joint merchandises, you should include a brief specification of single contributionsA in the Preface.

Please note that losing the deadlines implies non having remarks on a bill of exchange or, in instance of the concluding version, a class as portion of the first chance given to go through this class ( in other words you will hold to fall back to a resit ) .


Documents that do non follow with these criterions will be returned or ignored and will hold to be resubmitted.

Group formationA

To ease group allotment in the Course, we have opened a Google Spreadsheet documentA where you can: A A

1 – submit a subject and group members ( a full group contains 5-max 6 individuals, but you may besides suggest a subject with less individuals, to be complemented subsequently ) A

2 – single penchants ( to be allocated to the groups subsequently ) A


Access inside informations can be found on Blackboard, under Documents, group formation.


The Google Docs infinite is available for doing group paperss ( but if you do so, make certain you on a regular basis save a back-up on your ain computing machine via File-Download ) , seeA hypertext transfer protocol: //


Feel free to reach the Course Coordinator when you have a question or a job utilizing this installation. A


Your are free to suggest a subject ; for your information we include the undermentioned list of suggestions. The exact specification of your subject will be determined in audience with your coach.

Theme suggestionsA A


Policy DomainsA

Documentation ( model ) A

Agribusiness in

Europe ; Intensive LivestockA Breeding, Animal DiseasesA A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

AgricultureA A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A


hypertext transfer protocol: // ? ci=9780198525813HYPERLINK “ hypertext transfer protocol: // ? ci=9780198525813 & A ; view=00 ” & amp ; HYPERLINK “ hypertext transfer protocol: // ? ci=9780198525813 & A ; view=00 ” view=00A

hypertext transfer protocol: //


Global heating and clime alteration:

Global administration ;

Climate Adaptation PoliciesA A A A




Climate Change /Environmental policies/ Water managementA

Climate alteration political relations: the function of the province, market and civil society in different EU states ; Consult Mark Wiering hypertext transfer protocol: //

hypertext transfer protocol: //

hypertext transfer protocol: // ( in Dutch ) A ( see nexus page for critical pages in English )

Changing spacial administration in The Netherlands – in relation to the revised Spatial Planning Act and the WGR+


Spatial be aftering – regulationA

See Needham ( 2006 ) above ; VROM ( 2000 ) : ‘Discussienota Fundamentele Herziening WRO.A Discussion of the formation of strategic parts ( eg Randstad

Second manus vesture for development states


Global value ironss

Global heating and clime alteration: A extenuation policies ; sustainable energy supplyA A



The function of province, market and civil society in sustainable energy supply, e.g. the function of communities in air current energy or solar energy, support and NIMBY responses, A chances for The Netherlands- Consult Mark Wiering

hypertext transfer protocol: //

hypertext transfer protocol: //

Endemic traffic congestionA



GPM ‘s conveyance group ( Karel Martens )

Thwarted regionalisation


Spatial governanceA

see website Lagendijk onA An illustration would be the frequent efforts to make a ‘Randstad authorization ‘ ; A or the rise and death of the Dutch stradsregio ‘s ( metropolis parts )

for European spacial info, seeA hypertext transfer protocol: //

Prevailing lodging deficitA

Spatial planningA

GPM ‘s land usage group ( Erwin van der Krabben ) A

hypertext transfer protocol: //


Increased uniformity of inner-city shopping prescincts


Urban planningA

GPM ‘s urban and regional research

Social polarization and neighbourhood diminution.

Urban be aftering

GPM ‘s urban and regional research

Rural diminution and



Spatial planningA

A see studies Netherlands Environmental Assessement Agency ( PBL )

Fishery – planetary depletion

Environmental policyA

E.g. Loucks, LA ( 2007 ) : A An Institutional Economic Analysis of Marine Protected Areas, WUR ( transcript available )

Arwin new wave Buuren and Erik-Hans Klijn ( 2006 ) , A Trajectories of institutional design in policy webs: European intercessions in the Dutch piscary web as an illustration, IRAS, 72 ( 3 ) :395-415

Other suggestions

besides nutrient security ( e.g. in relation to biofuel )

planetary air travel ( fuelled by spacial economic competition )

European super grids

north-polar country ( resource extraction )



Assignment A: presenting the issue and clear uping its prickliness ( for strictA deadline of bill of exchange version and concluding versions, see schedule below ) A

Assignment A involves depicting the institutional scene of the chosen issue, explicating the job and its ‘wicked ‘ character. You will work on this assignment in a group of appr. 5 pupils. The assignment will ensue in a paper of 15-20 pages ( with specified parts by all members ) and will organize the starting point for assignments B and C. Note the deadline is for the concluding paper, bill of exchanges are expected a hebdomad earlier. For some tips on how to compose an essay, see Blackboard.


The first assignment fundamentally responds to the undermentioned inquiry: how come that, in our ‘modern ‘ , scientific, unfastened, intensively governed societies issues can emerge and prevail like BSE, endemic traffic congestion, clime alteration, etc. We mean societies in general here, mentioning to the manner ‘Western ‘ societies have evolved over the last centuries. So you should non tell the manner a specific issue has been addressed in a specific context ( i.e. H2O direction in the Betuwe ) – it should discourse the job fundamentally in general footings.


To turn to this, you may get down reexamining the issue in the visible radiation of the historical development way of basic institutional spheres typical for our Western society, as discussed in the literature: A the province, capitalist market and civil society, and the dealingss amongst them. More specifically, you may name upon certain associated tendencies and job texts, such as economic globalization and commodification, individualization, increasing consumerism, lifting ecological jobs, political alterations ( displacements in administration, e.g. altering function of the province, rise of non-governmental organisation, regionalisation ) , that bear upon your subject. In this treatment, you are advised to do intensive usage of the work by Dubbink, in peculiar:


– the positions on the potency every bit good as existent function of the province, and recent developments in this function ( eg job of ‘overload ‘ and ‘disorientation ‘ versus grades of duty, readings of public involvement, … . )

– the function of market establishments, in relation to the regulative function of the province, in its different pretenses ( direct, indirect, etc )

– the significance of civil society, in its assorted manifestations and representations, and the manner it is connected to the province and market ( as instigator, confederate, precaution, … . )

-A positions on the relationship and agreements between the basic establishments: from recommending separation, distinction and pluralism from a liberal-democratic point of position to more unstable, consensual and associatory theoretical accounts ( eg corporatism, co-management ) .


In discoursing the function of institutional spheres and their interconnectednesss, you should concentrate on established signifiers of interaction, both formal ( through jurisprudence, administrations and ‘rules of the game ‘ ) , and informal ( ‘social conventions ‘ ) straight linked to your ‘wicked ‘ job. This will let you to pay attending to the more specific institutional agreements and signifiers of administration that have been put into topographic point ( e.g. the Kyoto Treaty, route entree judicial admissions ) , and the extent to which these have ( failed to ) turn to your ‘wicked ‘ issue. To explicate why a jobs persists, you may once more pay due attending to possible tendencies ( economisation, engagement etc. ) , and to the function dominant agents associated with basic establishments ( province, market and civil society histrions ) play – both knowing ( what are their prevalent outlooks and dominant schemes ) and unwilled.


In the decision, you should react to the inquiry how we can understand the extent to which an issue is entrenched in current institutional scenes and signifiers of administration, and what sort of range this leaves for bring oning alteration.


Assignment B: institutional positions on solutions ( rigorous deadline: test day of the month ) A


This assignment is written separately. In this essay, you should follow one of the nucleus positions introduced in the Course, to show a basic frame for turn toing your ‘wicked job ‘ ( ‘oplossingsrichting ‘ ) . These positions entail either

the ‘market ‘ , through the usage of market forces and establishments, with a acute involvement in belongings rights and public-private ordinance, or

the ‘state ‘ , including positions on public involvement in policy devising and policy execution ( including new public direction ) , or

prosecuting ‘civil society ‘ , through new ( meso ) forms ofA administration, such as participatory coordination theoretical accounts, and multi-actor, multi-level administration ( note: non all signifiers of ‘governance ‘ autumn under this class ) ; or

solutions at the intersection of the above ( ‘boundary solutions ‘ ) , or affecting another sphere, as suggested by Needham, Alexander, Helderman etc.

The result should be a theoretically informed statement, mentioning to, every bit far as available, current penetrations and empirical informations on the instance at manus, comparable to an theoretically informed consultative study or a policy ‘green paper ‘ . While there is no demand to spell out specific policy steps, you should explicate why the chosen way may assist to turn to the job at manus.

The statement should react to the following four inquiries ( non needfully using this order or construction ) :

( 1 ) What are the basic features of the way you propose to turn to your ‘wicked job ‘ A have chosen ( market/state/ civil society/ … ) and why do you, in visible radiation of the findings of assignment 1, think this may assist to turn to ‘ ?

( 2 ) What are, from a theoretical position, the pros and cons of your position? Summarize the chief benefit in a short statement.

( 3 ) On the footing of your cognition of your subject, what will be the obstructions for your solution to work ( for case, when developing new signifiers ordinances, indicating at jobs of province execution, or when using market signifiers, restrictions in the belongings rights government, when looking at civil society, expected administration issues, etc. ) ?

( 4 ) For your solution to work, what conditions have to be met in other institutional spheres, and what obstructions do you anticipate in that regard ( e.g. , indicating at offseting market responses when new province charges are levied, or deficiency of regulative competences when new market signifiers are proposed ) ?

The text should be three to four pages long ( A4, excepting screen page, fount & gt ; 10pt ) and decidedly non longer. Besides because of the limited infinite, you should concentrate on explaning, back uping and reexamining your solution. So do non:

– repetition the statements from assignment Angstrom

– sum up theoretical or other statements from the literature

Course Evaluation

As an of import constituent of quality control and class betterment, pupils are encouraged to supply feedback on the Course and the coachs ‘ public presentation in the concluding plenary and group Sessionss, every bit good as through finishing the on-line IOWO rating signifiers provided at the terminal of the Course. The latter feedback is anon. , and will be made public merely to the Master Coordinators, members of the Curriculum Development Committee ( Opleidingscommissie, includes pupils ‘ members ) , learning appraisal boards, and to the pupils via Blackboard. On the footing of this feedback, the coachs will outline a study including suggestions for betterment that will be presented to the pupils for a concluding unit of ammunition of feedback, after which a concluding study is sent to the Curriculum Development Committee.A Your cooperation is extremely appreciated.





Course Agenda

For locations please look into the RU programming web pages.




A Subject




3 SepA 10.45 U

no afternoon session



Stoker, 1998 ; Arts & A ; Leroy 2006 ; Hall & A ; Taylor, 1996


10A Sept ; 10.45 U

State and public involvement


Arts & A ; Lagendijk, 2009 ; Alexander, 2002a ; Sorensen, 2009A


10A Sept ; 13.45 U

Tutorial: instructions




17A Sept ; 10.45 U

Market: institutional economic positions


Scherer & A ; Palazzo, 2011 ; Needham 2006, ch 2 & A ; 4

17 Sept ; 13.45 U

Tutorial: instructions


24A Sept ; 10.45 U

Civil Society: administration positions


Pierre & A ; Peters, 2000, Edwards ( 2004 ) , Sorensen and Torfing ( 2009 )


24A Sept ; 13.45 U

Assignment A – readying




1 Oct. ; 10.45 U

New connexions between province, market and civil society, revisited


Lemos and Agrawal ( 2006 ) Lam, 2010, Mueckenberger,

A 2010


1 Oct. 13.45 U

Assignment A – preparing bill of exchange ( deadline 4 Oct )


8A Oct. ; 10.45 U

please mind the alteration of Sessionss!

Assignment A fixing concluding ( deadline 15 Oct ) , Assignment B presentation.


8A Oct. ; 13.45 U

talk Institutional analysis and lodging

Jan-Kees Helder-

adult male

Streeck & A ; Schmitter,1985


15 Oct. ; 10.45 U

Global environmental administration


Pieter Leroy

Paterson 2009 ; Meadowcroft 2007, Abbott 2001


15 Oct ; 13.45 U

Ass. B readying ( deadline: test day of the month )




22 Oct. ; 10.45 U

New functions for contrivers and policy-makers


Sanderock 1998, A Rydin 2007


22 Oct. ; 13.45 U

Exam instructions



Model test subjects

Please observe these instructions will be updated in visible radiation of recent alterations to the class two hebdomads before the test. If you have any uncertainties about the position or contents of these inquiries, delight reach us!

Last update – Oct 2011


The inquiries and issues listed here should give you an indicant of the kind of inquiries you may be asked in the test. This means that the existent test inquiries will be slightly different to those listed in this direction paper, but they will be of a comparable range and deepness. The intent of this list is to assist you to fix for the test by ( rhenium ) reading the literature in a focussed manner. With these inquiries we intend to supply an equal contemplation of the Course ‘ contents both in comprehensiveness and deepness.

Note that the inquiries frequently do non hold alone ‘correct ‘ replies, but inquire for your personal position and sentiment. In the test itself, you will be assessed chiefly on the extent to which your replies reflect the relevant parts of readings and the strength of your debate. In peculiar, your response needs to be ‘to the point ‘ . Besides note that most issues are far from ‘black and white ‘ . The quality of an statement is frequently based on the manner in which different positions on a peculiar issue are juxtaposed and assessed.


Responses can be given in English or Dutch.


Feel free to reach us if the inquiries and issues raised here are non wholly clear, or if you feel the inquiry can non be answered on the footing of the prescribed literature ( except for inquiries based on recommended readings ) .

1. Humanistic disciplines et Al ( 2009 ) attribute the jobs provinces are presently confronting to three sorts of displacements: from authorities to governance, displacements in territoriality and altering ‘governmentality ‘ . Partially this development is explained in footings of ‘neo-liberalism ‘ .

What are the effects of these displacements in footings of the trigon of institutional domains ( state-market- civil society ) ? You may exemplify your observations with aid of a drawing.

Why is the result ‘disorientation ‘ ; to what extent can this attributed to the separate displacements, and to what extent to the manner the different displacements coalesces?

To what extent does the province ‘s freak out affect the operation of the other institutional domains? Use the texts by Needham and Edwards to explicate your response.

2. Lemos and Agrawal ( 2006 ) discuss intercrossed administration schemes and their restrictions.

Measuring how these schemes draw on the basic institutional domains, in what respects are these administration schemes truly intercrossed? Could they besides be seen as full options, as stand foring a ‘fourth ‘ sphere ( californium. talk by Helderman ) ?

To what extent can the restrictions identified be attributed to troubles experienced by the domains of province, market, and civil society, as discussed for case by Humanistic disciplines et al. ( 2009 ) ?

3-A Question based on recommended reading, merely for those who have included this in their 200-page auxiliary reading list ; ( this point will be merely be included as an option inquiry in the test )

Land usage is affected by both private jurisprudence regulations and public jurisprudence regulations. Describe ( usingA NeedhamA 2006 ) how these interact when lodging is being built in Houston ( USA ) and when industrial estates are developed in the Netherlands. What is the consequence of the initial assignment of belongings rights when those developments are made?


4- The dealing cost and public assistance economic attacks provide different positions on spacial planning ( Needham, 2006 ) :

What are the cardinal differences?

How would one trade with a job of nuisance ( e.g. airdrome noise pollution ) while following a welfare economic attack?

And how from a dealing cost point of position?

In what sense has the dealing cost attack triggered a major displacement in the manner the relation between the market and the province is conceived and organised?



5-A NeedhamA ( 2006 ) argues that spacial planning can ne’er be based on economic debate entirely, since there are a figure of critical issues that can merely be judged and seen to on the footing of an ethical treatment. Examples of such issues are societal equality and considerations of sustainability.

Make you hold with this point of position? What will be, in your position, the balance between economic and non-economic considerations?

Does Needham ‘s concern besides pose a restriction on the pertinence of dealing costs economic sciences for spacial planning? If so, in what sense?


6- When measuring the demand for province intercession and province ( instead than market ) administration, as outlined byA NeedhamA ( 2006 ) , it is non onlyA market failureA but alsoA authorities failureA ( regulative failure ) A that should be taken into history. However, a job is that in many spheres of spacial be aftering both types of failure turn out to be high.

To what extent and how can we uncover and compare both types of failure?

What sort of administration construction may be applied in the instance that both market and authorities failure are high?

In the position of ‘pro-market ‘ advocators, there has been a strong inclination to disregard authorities failures. This ignorance, moreover, has been a major ground for the ( indefensible ) monolithic enlargement of province intercession.

What is your position on this? To what extent do current moves towards the debut of market competition and incentives redress this ignorance?


7- To what extent are, in your position, the assorted be aftering rights as defined byA AlexanderA ( 2002, on Planning Rights ) secured in today ‘s statute law and patterns of spacial planning in The Netherlands? Which 1s are best protected, and which 1s insufficiently?


[ to be replaced by Sorensen ] 8-A AlexanderA ( 2002, on Planning Rights, p 202 ) claims that programs are adopted that obviously belie the public interest.A

a ) To what extent can you conceive of this occurrence in The Netherlands? A

B ) Do you hold with Alexander ‘s apprehension of public involvement here? A

degree Celsius ) Are be aftering rights the appropriate manner to turn to the job?


9- In certain ‘hybrid ‘ administration theoretical accounts ( e.g. co-management ) , the market takes duty for societal issues.

( a ) Could the ‘public involvement ‘ be served entirely through the market? A

( B ) What is the position ofA AlexanderA ( 2002, on Public Interest ) A andA SandercockA ( 1998 ) on this issue? A How can you explicate the difference in their positions? A

( degree Celsius ) What is your preferable position, and why? A

( vitamin D ) To what extent does Sandercock ( 1998 ) adhere to a procedural versus substantial impression of public involvement?

10- In his paper ‘The Public Interest in Planning ‘ , A AlexanderA ( 2002 ) concludes that: A “ A dialogical signifier of Public Interest ( as implied in communicative pattern ) has been proposed as a default option to legalize province planning, but contrivers ‘ demand for a substantial norm remains unrealized. ”

What is the background for the recent protagonism of dialogical positions and constructs?

To what extent does a dialogical position meet the desire amongst some contrivers to inculcate spacial be aftering with more substantial ( in contrast to procedural ) norms and aspirations?

What are, in this visible radiation, its defects? Which ( combination of ) other attacks ( definitions ) of the public involvement would supply a better footing for back uping substantial aspirations?

How does an protagonism for dialogical positions square withA Alexander ‘s involvement in be aftering rights?


11-A SandercockA ( 1998 ) , in her normative position on spacial planning in a ‘cosmopolitan ‘ metropolis, debates the function of cognition within the planning profession, and discusses assorted functions of the contriver. What roles does she place, and how make these associate to her position on cognition? What are, in your position, the pros and cons of her normative place? What function should contrivers and policy-makers play in your position?


12- How doesA Sandercock ‘s ( 1998 ) attack relate to the definitions and typology of constructs of public involvement provided byA AlexanderA ( 2002, A on Public Interest ) ?


13- Markets, province hierarchies and civil society ( webs ) are described as basic ‘institutional orders ‘ with their ain signifiers of coordination.

What are the cardinal organizing mechanisms of these three orders? A

What are the chief advantages and disadvantages of the three orders sing the coordination of the populace sphere? A

How, in your sentiment, should these basic orders elate to each other in order to make ( normative ) ends of sustainability and/or a ‘well ordered spacial be aftering ‘ ? How do you coop with the above mentioned advantages and disadvantages of theoretical accounts of coordination?

14. Scherer sheds light on three positions on civil society: as a separate domain ( portion of society ) , as societal norms ( sort of society ) and as the ‘public domain ‘ ( substrate of social development ) .

in position of a wide construct of ‘good society ‘

How does Edward ‘s impression of the ‘good society ‘ nexus to Alexander ‘s construct of the ‘public involvement ‘ ? More exactly, to what extent can we recognize Alexander ‘s quadruple typology in the three positions identified by Edward? In his decision, he elaborates, in peculiar, in the link between the province and

Where would you put the ‘public domain ‘ in our trigon of institutional domains ( state-market- civil society ) ?

To what extent does the state-civil society nexus tantrum into the impression of a displacement from authorities to governance as discussed before? More specifically, can Civil Society, as understood here, aid to turn to ‘state freak out ‘ and ‘market failure ‘ ?

15. Lam and Pauly elaborate on a right-based attack of piscaries in order to turn to the ‘tragedy of the common ‘ presently faced by this sector, recommending the development of a ‘social contract ‘

Compare their readings of rights and privileges in footings of the ‘property rights ‘ attack as discussed by Needham and the deontic position elaborated by Alexander. Take into history the manner the writers separate the ‘ethical ‘ from procedures of administration.

Where would you put ‘social contracts ‘ in our trigon of institutional domains ( province – market- civil society ) ? A How make the writers see the articulation of the ‘common good ‘ underwriting such societal contracts?

Discuss the restrictions of the ‘social contract ‘ solution presented here. Present ( or pull ) an alternate institutional agreement, and briefly explain how that might turn to ( some of ) these restriction.


16. The literature on CSR suggests to give direct responsibilityA to non-state histrions for public issues. Such a pattern should replace for the classical theoretical account which sees the province as the sole and natural defender of the public interest.A

( a ) What place doesA NeedhamA return in his protagonism of ‘market structuring ‘ : to what extent does this fit a direct or indirect duty theoretical account?

( B ) Where would you put theA direct responsibilityA theoretical account inA Alexander ‘s word picture of the Public Interest? Does it do sense to talk of a ‘Public Interest ‘ at all in this instance?

17. As discussed by Needham, harmonizing to Hayek the market is by far a superior establishment in the processing of huge measures of elaborate and complex information ( notably on scarcenesss and penchants ) . In Hayek ‘s position, market coordination therefore yields a much better ( efficient, but besides democratic ) result than the province ( or another type of hierarchal, dominant administration ) . The market nowadayss, in Hayek ‘s nomenclature, anA inherently good order. However, the province is still required to supply and procure a basic scene for the market to work – as explained by both Dubbink and Needham. A job is that, in order to make so, the province will necessitate to treat complex signifiers of information.A

( a ) To what extent does this state of affairs present an riddle or paradox – to what extent can the province be expected to hold the competency to construction a market puting given this demand to treat information?

( B ) What are the restrictions of market structuring? What sort of information will the marketA notA be able to treat ( you may restrict your reply here to the sort of environmental-spatial issues debated in our Course and addressed in your instance survey work )

( degree Celsius ) In what ways can civil society play a function in market structuring ; in what respects could it play a more effectual function than the province ( if at all ) ?

18.A StreeckA andA SchmitterA argue that, following to ‘state ‘ , ‘market ‘ and ‘community ‘ ( ‘civil society ‘ ) , there isA fourthA institutional order, chiefly based on ‘organizational concertation ‘ – operating “ in the shadow of province hierarchy ” ( californium. presentation by Helderman ) .

( a ) On what evidences do they claim this should be considered a separate ‘order ‘ , and non, as many other would so, as a assorted constellation/arrangement of the three basic orders?

( B ) What is your standpoint – would you, on the footing of your readings and instance work for this class, agree with a impression of a separate order or non?

( degree Celsius ) What does it intend that this 4th order operates ‘in the shadow of province hierarchy ‘ ? To what extent does that besides use to the ‘market ‘ and ‘civil society ‘ ? How does this place ( ‘operating in the shadow of ‘ ) square with the position ofA ‘organizational concertation ‘ as aA separateA order?

19. Harmonizing to Helderman, the 4th order has emerged inA certainA states – using toA certainA political/policy domains ; hence it is non as universal a phenomenon as the other three basic orders.

( vitamin D ) To what extent does it do sense to see this 4th order as country- or case-specific? Could we so envisage some countries/places hosting four institutional orders, with others merely hosting three?

20. Abbott and SnidalA advocate “ blended solutions ” ( p. 364 ) to cover with outwardness jobs: “ In blended signifiers of administration, private and public establishments both support and look into each other – as when public examination legitimates private criterions or public criterions face market trials. ”

( a ) To what extent does this meet Dubbink ‘s support for a direct duty theoretical account? Which illustrations presented by Abbott and Snidal do suit this theoretical account more?

( B ) What jobs and quandary may “ blended solutions ” generate?

( degree Celsius ) Can “ blended signifiers of administration ” besides be the footing for procedures of market structuring as defined by Needham?

21. Abbott and SnidalA offer a quadruple categorization of outwardnesss and their administration solutions.

( a ) To what extent and how does your wicked job, and the solution you propose, fit into these categorizations?

( B ) Does their history provide new penetrations into the causes of your job?

( degree Celsius ) Based on their treatment of alternate administration agreements, which sort of agreement may function to undertake your job?

22.A Hall and TaylorA ( 1996 ) distinguish between three attacks to institutions.A

( a ) Describe the manner “ establishments ” differ in those three attacks ( “ what are establishments and what do establishments make? “ ) .A

( B ) How do you measure these attacks for the survey of establishments, in footings of their advantages and disadvantages?

23. ( a ) Give an luxuriant description of the basic establishment of Civil Society ( min. 5 lines ) as a domain of administration ( based on Edwards ) .A

( B ) How can we imagine a more of import function of Civil Society in our administration system? Which are so the ‘new manners of administration ‘ in which civil society becomes more involved in both the domain of the province and the domain of the market? A

24. What are, harmonizing to you, the most of import ‘shifts in administration ‘ in our modern-day modern ( liberal-democratic ) society? Illustrate each of these displacements with an illustration of a administration practice.A

25. Harmonizing to Weber, what does ‘modern rationalisation ‘ make? And, does Habermas hold? How does Habermas see the domain of Civil Society?

26.A In the Course we address the contested dealingss between province, market and civil society. To get at a sustainable society we must rethink our institutional order and all three nucleus establishments should portion duties for public issues.A Neo-corporatism is a theoretical account to link these spheres of the province, the market and the civil society..A

( a ) A Is a renewed neo-corporatism an alternativeA for the current ( intercrossed ) theoretical accounts of administration? Explain why /why non.

( B ) What are the differences between co-management and neo-corporatism? A

The literature distinguishes between different political theoretical accounts, such as neo-corporatism, communitarianism, direct and deliberative democracy ) A

( degree Celsius ) How make these compare with Alexander ‘s paths towards jointing the public involvement?

27..A In her paper ‘Re-examining the function of cognition ( … ) ‘ , A RydinA sheds light on how cognition can supply a span between democratic decision-making and the usage of the ‘better statement ‘ ( prudence ) .

( a ) What is the Southern Cross of her attack? How can knowledge claims be adopted efficaciously in democratic decision-making procedures?

( B ) To what extent are such procedures ‘democratic ‘ ; to what extent do they pull off to follow the ‘better statement ‘ ?

28. In his article “ Global administration for sustainable capitalist economy? The political economic system of planeta