The bulk of developmental theories say that kids must develop a secure primary fond regard in order to develop in a healthy mode. A secure and strong fond regard is clearly indispensable for healthy future relationships. John Bowlby’s surveies in childhood development led him to the decision that a strong fond regard to a health professional provides a necessary sense of security and foundation. Without such a relationship in topographic point. Bowlby found that a great trade of developmental energy is expended in the hunt for stableness and security. In general. those without such fond regards are fearful and are less willing to seek out and larn from new experiences ( Hutchison. 2013 ) . The picture did portray a close relationship between Heidi’s siblings and their female parent. Heidi says she has happy memories from her kid goon turning up in Vietnam ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) . This leads me to believe she had formed an fond regard with her female parent. Bowlby says if the attachment figure is broken or disrupted during a child’s critical developmental phase the kid will endure irreversible long- term harm. Heidi was wholly uprooted toward the terminal of this critical period ( Hutchison. 2013 ) . She was 6 old ages old when her female parent dropped her off at the orphanhood operated by the Holt Adoption Agency.
This is traumatic. and she says how she used to shout for her female parent. She said she believed there was something incorrect with her and that is why she was sent off ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) . Once in America Heidi was adopted by a individual adult female named Ann Neville. Heidi describes Ann as a cold. non – loving individual. She provided material things but ne’er any fondness. One summer flushing while Heidi was home from college. she came home one dark to happen herself locked out. When she returned the following twenty-four hours her female parent had Heidi’s bags packed and said she was no longer welcome in her house. Equally far as Ann was concerned. she no longer had a girl. Heidi has non spoken to her adopted female parent since ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) . This was the 2nd clip Heidi had been abandoned by her female parent figure. Harmonizing to Erik Erikson’s phases of Psychosocial Development she would non do it past the 1st phase ( Hutchison. 2013 ) .
Although Heidi is good over the age the trust vs. misgiving phase occurs. she still is unable to believe that either one of her mothers’ love her. After sing Vietnam. she is rather certain it was non love driving her female parent to demo such fondness. but instead fiscal grounds ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) . Her household is hapless and they see Heidi as an flight from poorness. Heidi’s adaptation to her American life is an illustration of a constituent in Jean Piaget’s Cognitive Theory called adjustment. Children are motivated to keep a balance. Any experience that we can non absorb creates anxiousness. but if our schemes are adjusted to suit the new experience. the coveted province of equilibrium will be restored ( Hutchison. 2013 ) . In order for Heidi to accommodate to her environment. she had to alter the manner she viewed everything. She was unable to alter the environment so she had to alter herself. Heidi became 101 % Americanized ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) .
This docudrama reveals the many confrontations of two civilizations. It begins when an American soldier and a Vietnamese adult female. Mai Thi Kim. who was abandoned by her hubby. result a sexual relationship that consequences in a girl. Mai Thi Heip besides known as Heidi Bub. When the war ends and the American military personnels leave. Mai Thi Kim and her kids are left to confront the ridicule and contempt for Kim’s injudiciousness of kiping with an American soldier ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) . This kid was born half American and half Vietnamese. At the clip there were rumours the Communist authorities was traveling to seek for these kids and kill them. They were a portion of the enemy. In order to get away this persecution. the American authorities. along with several others authoritiess. created Operation Baby Lift. They would set these kids on planes and wing them to the United State where they would be given the chance for a better life. This is highly stating of North American’s ethnocentrism. presuming Americans could supply a better life to these kids than their ain parents ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) . In America Heidi lived with her adopted ma in Pulaski. Tennessee. Ann was a dean at Pulaski’s Martin Methodist College. Heidi was baptized into the United Methodist Church. where she attended services. and Sunday school.
Ann provided many material things for Heidi. taking her on great trips to assorted topographic points and yet Heidi’s bosom still longs for more. Heidi said she had everything turning up. but that she didn’t have a really loving female parent. Ann sought hard to Americanise Heidi and frequently warned her to maintain her Vietnamese heritage a secret. Ann is highly inexorable that if anyone asks where Heidi was born. she is to state them Columbia. South Carolina ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) . As Heidi enters her teenage old ages her relationship with her female parent is strained. Anne can non digest Heidi’s turning independency. The relationship comes to an disconnected terminal when Ann kick Heidi out of the house and denies she of all time had a girl ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) . Heidi’s biological female parent does non hold the money to supply material things like her adopted female parent. She does hold the capacity to love Heidi and expresses it openly. unlike her adopted female parent ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) .
When Heidi returned to Vietnam to reunite with her household she experienced a dramatic civilization daze. She was non decently prepared for the reunion. As a kid she was out to ask about her heritage. so it was ne’er discussed and she was ne’er encouraged to larn about the Vietnam civilization ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) . Heidi has a naive thought that it is traveling to be a fairy narrative stoping. Heidi places immense outlooks upon this visit to emotionally make full a nothingness in her life from an unloving and damaged childhood. One of the major challenges Heidi faces was the awful clang between the two civilizations. Heidi is overwhelmed by the unfastened and frequently shows of fondness. She says she was non raised in such a touchy. feely society so all of this fondness was highly uncomfortable. Heidi was raised as a individual kid by a individual parent. She is non used to big households and holding so many people around all the clip. Heidi complains that she has merely had 2 hours to herself the full clip she has been in Vietnam. She begins to experience the functions have been reversed because her female parent is so clingy. It is as if she is the female parent and her female parent is the kid ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) . In Vietnamese civilization household is really of import.
Extended household frequently unrecorded near or in the same place. In American this is non a common tradition. By and large when the kids grow up they move out of their parents’ house to populate independently and finally get down a household of their ain. Often households live 100s of stat mis apart and may merely see each other on vacations or particular occasions. Vietnamese live in a corporate society where the prosperity of the group is the end. They are community oriented. they take attention of each other. So when Heidi’s sister. who is highly hapless. asks Heidi for more money that is wholly acceptable in their civilization. It is normal and even expected for the wealthier household members to take attention of the poorer 1s. Those who make it to the States or another comfortable state. are expected to direct money back to their household. The kids are expected to take attention of their parents because the parents took attention of the kids when they were immature ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) .
The picture displays another illustration of how Vietnamese have a corporate civilization when Heidi returns. non merely is her full household excited to reunite. but the full community is waiting to see her. they ne’er forgot Heidi ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) . Heidi thought her sister was ill-mannered and she was insulted by her bold petition. When Heidi’s brother references it is her bend to take attention of their female parent. Heidi explodes in choler ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) . The United States is stigmatized an individualistic society. people tend to look out for themselves. What is theirs is theirs and no duty to supply for others. This is most frequently true in urban countries. but in more rural parts. households do take attention of their ain.
Peoples in smaller communities tend to take attention of each other. possibly non to the extent they do in Vietnam. but they do look out for one another. Language is a barrier for Heidi. Although her female parent and some of her household members are able to talk English. Heidi does non talk Vietnamese and does non understand the linguistic communication. It is hard to pass on and makes interactions disputing ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) .
Daughter from Danang originates with American’s ethnocentrism and the declaration of “Operation Babylift. ” by President Ford. Many American soldiers had left behind what was referred to as national embarrassment. American soldiers had slept with the enemy and fathered kids with the adult females of Vietnam. these kids came to be known as Amerasians. It was feared that the Communists threatened to kill both female parent and kid of this assorted race. President Ford made available over two million dollars for the demands of 1000s of kids that would be airlifted out of Vietnam to in attempts to avoid mass slaughter of the inexperienced person. and supply a better life for the kids ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) . The ethnocentrism is clear when the picture shows a cartridge holder of an American societal worker trying to convert Vietnamese adult females to direct their kids to the United States.
The Vietnamese feared the Communists could kill their kids and the United States. along with other states. were taking them off. What an atrocious experience for the female parents and kids. Heidi’s new life in the United States did supply her with chances she would hold ne’er received otherwise. The United States is a wealthier state than Vietnam. Most Vietnamese live in poorness and have small chance to better financially. Vietnamese do non hold the entree to instruction that Westerners have. Heidi is a college alumnus and her sister merely made it through the 6th class ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) . Vietnam lack many of the modern comfortss Heidi has grown accustomed to.
Vietnam is a hapless state. the people can non afford the common luxuries American’s usage in their day-to-day life. When she is walking through the town she is stunned to see people cooking nutrient on the side walk. At the market Heidi can non acquire her female parent out of there fast plenty. The hot temperature. natural fish. and the odors are all excessively much for her to manage ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) . You can see the surprise on her face when she foremost arrives to her family’s place. The household does non hold indoor plumbing. the household must travel to the bathroom outside and lavish by pouring a pail of H2O over themselves. Heidi besides observes her female parent rinsing laundry exterior in a basin with a saloon of soap. the dishes were besides washed outside in basin every bit good ( Dolgin & A ; Franco. 2002 ) .
The picture portrays though Vietnamese have less stuffs properties than Westerners does non intend they are less happy. Vietnamese topographic point much more importance on the household relationships and love for each other. I think if Heidi had prepared herself for her visit by educating herself on the Vietnamese civilization. thing would hold turned out otherwise. At least she would non hold been taken off guard with so much touching. changeless household about. and their bumptiousness about money. The film ends with Heidi consciously estranging herself from her cultural roots. She goes back to the familiar universe of her adoptive grandma’s place. where the most profound conversation is whether the maize is rotten in the icebox. She goes back to a anserine hubby who has non a hint. “We stopped speaking about your ( Heidi’s ) trip because we were non acquiring anyplace. ” Unfortunately it has been 2 old ages and Heidi has non responded to any of her households letters. It seems improbable she of all time will. My hope is that she can get the better of her cicatrixs and learn her kids about their heritage. Supply them with the chance to larn who they are.
Dolgin. G. ( Producer ) . & A ; Dolgin. G. . Franco. V. ( Directors ) . ( 2002 ) . Daughter from Danang [ Video ] . Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=2AU VUe2HX0 Hutchison. E. D. ( 2013 ) . Necessities Of Human Behavior: Integrating Person. Environment. and the Life Cycle. Thousand Oaks. CA: Sage Publications. Inc.