Compare the caste system to other systems of societal inequality devised by early and classical civilisations. including bondage.
• A Patriarchy is a society in which the function of work forces is placed above the function of adult females.
-The station classical epoch had many patriarchal societies. because of the alterations of the functions of work forces and adult females.
-Patriarchal societies include: China. Egypt. Mesopotomia. and India.
-In China. the work forces had public authorization. But. during the Shang Dynasty. adult females started to derive some rights.
-In Egypt. the work forces had the authorization over the public. Egypt’s society was non every bit bad as some were. though. Women still had many rights. Example: Queen Hatshepsut.
-In Mesopotamia. Hammurabi’s Law Code gave work forces a higher position than adult females. The work forces decided the occupations that each household member did and arranged the matrimonies.
The adult females still had power and were able to act upon the male monarchs and people with of import power.
-In India. The Lawbook of Manu said that adult females should be treated with regard and award. But. they were still controlled by either their male parents or hubbies. Their chief function in society was to hold kids and maintain the family.
• The Caste System was based on the ideals of Varnas that brought their patriarchal system of life to India.
-The Caste System and Hinduism go manus in manus.
-In this system. adult females were below work forces. but there were besides groups.
-Classes: Brahmin-priests and bookmans
Kshatriyas-warriors and governing category
Vaishayas-farmers and business communities
Untouchables-not even represented
-The category you were born in was the category you stayed in for your full life.
-The priests and warriors had a more unstable life than the workers and merchandisers did.
-The Sutte went along with the ideals of the Caste System. It said that when a swayer died. his married woman must decease excessively. Besides. as the positions of adult females changed. it went better along with those new positions.
• Religious Inequalities:
-Priests were at a higher authorization and standing in society. because their occupation was the most of import.
-Many faiths used a societal hierarchy to form their community and clasp people to a codification of behavior and activity.
-Examples: Hinduism. Confucianism. Mandate of Heaven. and Pharaohs.
• Political Inequalties:
-Many classical societies developed inequalities due to political and/or governmental divisions of society.
-Politics defined the functions and position of classical civilisations.
-These were stemmed from the rise of a authorities and stratification based on authorities.
-Social mobility existed. because one could better their wealth or instruction. -More resistance. because people felt more repressed by the authorities.
-Examples: Rome. Egypt. and Japan
-Slavery was non really popular during this clip period ; nevertheless it was used by the river based societies because they were agriculturally developed.
-Slaves were used on farms. because farms required a batch of labour. and slaves were inexpensive or free.
-Slaves had no freedom and had no regard.
-Slaves were in the worst and lowest category.
-Civilizations that used bondage were: Rome. Egypt. China. India ( Harijans ) . and a little portion of Africa.
• Economic Inequality:
-Many classical societies used economic position as a agency of puting people into categories.
-Class differentiation was based upon accretion of wealth and monopoly on agricultural or specialised production.
-Jobs were another signifier of social groupings.
-Examples: India. China. Egypt. Japan. and Mesopotamia