The chief focal point of this chapter is roll uping an accurate and relevant informations to accomplish the purpose and aims of the research. In this chapter, the appropriate methodological analysis and informations aggregation method like design of questionnaires, nature of inquiries asked, purpose of the inquiries traveling to be discussed. The response degree, informations analysis methods are besides discussed in this chapter.

The sentiment of respondents play a really of import function in informations analysis, hence, here, research adopted a qualitative attack of research which involved a qualitative analysis. This method will assist to detect people if they engage in unsustainable patterns. An apprehension of the in-depth effects as it relates to knowledge of persons in footings of sustainable environment, so the above methodological analysis is adopted. This method of research includes the usage of questionnaires and interviews as a agency of informations aggregation. To acquire the accurate and relevant consequence and avoid the troubles or impossiblenesss, the consideration is given to the type of inquiries that are traveling to be asked. As Fellow and Lui ( 1997 ) pointed out that inquiries can be open-ended or close-ended, they suggested that unfastened inquiries are designed in such manner that the respondents reply is in full while the closed inquiry will hold a limited figure of responses.

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The research worker support in head all the three of import conditions for a successful interview are ; the knowledge of the interviewee, motive of the interviewee to reply the inquiry and above all, it considered how accessible the information needed is to the interviewee as noted by Fellow ( 1997 ) are adopted.

3.2.1 Benefits of the methodological analysis

It helps the Researcher to cognize about the people ‘s position, sentiment and cognition on the capable affair.

It will seek to happen out why people engage in renewable energy patterns.

3.2.2 Restriction of the methodological analysis

This method involves some subjective sentiments.


The information for this research subject are collected with the aid of questionnaires and interviews. Among them, some of the inquiries are close-ended and some open-ended. 21 questionnaires were sent out by station while 69 were by manus. With the aid of xanthous pages, some magazines bureaus and administrations are contacted and those that have important involvement and confirmed that they have a sensible sum of people those have cognition of subject ‘s ( Environmental and Energy ) background had questionnaires posted to them. To acquire accurate and relevant informations, some people that are contacted preferable to be interviewed.


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3.3.1 Benefits of the informations aggregation method

This ensured the accurate and relevant responses because the questionnaire were distributed by manus and personally explained to them ( respondents ) .

This method of informations aggregation increased the degree of response.

3.3.2 Restriction of the informations aggregation method

Despite the confidentially clause in the questionnaires, participants may keep back some information as they may non be certain of how the information will be used particularly the interviewees.

3.4 Sampling Population

This study is conducted on the general populace, but to acquire relevant informations and response from the respondents, the standard has to be fulfilled before the questionnaires/interviews were conducted which included that the Participants will hold cognition of offshore air current energy which is at least 3 in the graduated table of subdivision one. Detailss of these standards are explained in the 3.5.1.

3.5 Design of Questionnaire

The questionnaire is the basic and most of import portion of study therefore it consists some simple and relevant inquiries that were asked in the interviews so, questionnaires and interviews, respondents and interviewee are used interchangeably in this chapter. The questionnaire is designed to be really simple and short to promote the respondents to replying the inquiries, as a consequence increasing in the degree of response.


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To avoid the addition figure of inquiries, some of the inquiries are modified and summarised while ; some have a additive graduated table to rate the response. Other inquiries are open-ended or closed-ended. Peoples those have at least cognition of offshore air current energy, they are 2nd in the graduated table of 0 to 5 where ; 5 is the strongest /highest, 1 weakest/lowest and 0 is none. This implies that anyone with cognition in offshore air current energy less than 2 was non qualified to reply the inquiries.

Standards for finishing questionnaire/interview

In add-on to the above standards, so as to guarantee that the information needed is got and that the people are rather knowledge in offshore air current energy, subdivision one in the questionnaire / interviews seeks to find the degree of cognition in offshore air current energy of the participants. Their cognition in seaward air current must be least two in the additive graduated table provided in subdivision one.

3.5.2 Preliminary Information

This contains the confidentially clause ( disclaimer ) , where the respondents are assured that whatever an information are given by them will merely be used for the research intent and that their personal inside informations will non be passed to a 3rd party and will non be discussed in the research except if they wish. It is besides contained in the intent of the study. This portion of questionnaires/interviews is aimed to acquire the back land information of the respondents. These include the followers:

Age, Gender, Highest instruction degree, Nationality and Occupation


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The above background information is aid in co-relational analysis of cognition and sustainable behavior so as to accomplish aim of research. It will besides assist to cognize that how education degree or business influences on renewable offshore air current energy. Age and gender will besides demo how much per centum of peculiar gender or age group engaged in renewable energy system than the others. The background information will besides assist in grouping, sorting and analysis the information aggregation.

3.6 Data Analysis Method

The information analysis method plays a really critical function in research to accomplish the aims and purposes in chapter one. Here, a qualitative method of analysis is preferred which is a form of descriptive analysis.

3.7 Response degree

In entire 80, 60 questionnaires and 20 interviews were sent out and conducted severally and a sum of 39 responses were received. 20 interviews were conducted and 60 questionnaires were distributed by manus of which 39 were returned. The 39 feedback represents 65 % of the entire sent out which is good degree of response. The response rate can be said to be high. This may be because all distributed by manus. The tabular array and figure below show the representation of the response degree.

Degree of response tabular array



( % )

Entire distributed ( Interviews and questionnaires )









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Response degree

Percentage distribution









Response degree 0

3.8 Drumhead

In this chapter, the methodological analysis, informations aggregation and trying population are briefly explained. It discussed the design of the questionnaire and besides modified some of the inquiries to accomplish the aims. Here, besides focused in the standards for finishing the questionnaire, informations analysis method and response rate of the questionnaire.

Opinion Survey

3.9.1 Value of perceptual experiences in sitting

The important characteristic characteristic of modern air current turbine engineering is that it is more flexible with locations. In short, it allows air current farms to be placed in non merely a broad assortment of locations ( from countries of low mean air current velocities to high velocities ) but besides in a broad scope of climes ( from really cold to hot temperatures ) .


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Turbines can be located at anyplace anyplace from demanding Centres to far from them and be connected via long-distance overseas telegrams, high-potential transmittal lines. As discussed in the literature reappraisal, wind turbines can be sited offshore every bit good as onshore. Although, sitting of them at offshore create new views from shorelines or vision of other type of electricity coevals.

There may be possibility that some argue that offshore wind farms are less attractive than natural positions of sea. However, In that instance, ocular features of the air current farm can be determined by the technology by alteration in design of the farms and turbines.

Each and every individual has different vision towards any position or objects on the footing of their status and significance associated with that objects, as a consequence, we notice an attractive or unattractive consequence.

For illustration, individuals who look an onshore air current turbine and observe that a machine is bring forthing energy without air pollution, but on other manus, other give opinion/view on the position shed of turbine. Similarly in instance of an offshore air current farm, some individuals perceived that there are unwanted alterations in the natural positions of sea, while other individuals perceive that a fashionable and graceful manner of capturing the power of sea air current and change overing that into energy for human usage. Therefore, subjective perceptual experiences and sentiments about a bring forthing installation may hold a larger influence on its credence than any of its aims or natural features.


Choice of respondents and countries to study

The basic and cardinal purpose of the study is to happen out the sentiment and beliefs of the public sing chiefly offshore wind energy and secondarily weave energy overall.


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A figure of studies and probes have been conducted on onshore air current farms and non-wind energy beginnings ; hence, these are non focused here. However, some inquiries related to these subjects are included in questionnaire to supply a broader model to responses and let greater comparison to old consequence. It is noticed that people who are populating in counties near the sea would be most interested and vocal about any hereafter offshore air current farm proposal. Therefore, respondents those are belongs to such countries are given penchant in the study. By and large, people who populating farther inland might hold knowledge on air current energy and non affected straight as much by offshore farms. Initially it was planned that a big study of many occupants could be undertaken but this needed outside aid to pull off the study. Support was a biggest menace to carry on a larger study, hence, a much smaller study of general populace was conducted without outside administrative aid.


On the footing of reappraisal of past study ( mentioned in the literature reappraisal, inquiries are formulated by utilizing the constructs relevant to offshore air current energy. In this study, all that inquiries related to weave energy are mentioned those have been non asked in the past survey. Questions format is near to similar to old surveies. Searchs are conducted through the library, on the Internet, and in on- line databases for sentiment surveies in the yesteryear on energy issues, including sentiments on other offshore energy constructions, such as oil or gas boring platforms. It is really difficult to acquire brief information on these other construction through these beginnings.

A set of inquiries is designed. It is the largest set of inquiries and asked to all respondents.


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This was designated as Form B. It is formatted by sing the thoughts that most of the respondents should hold had insight, such as advantages of assorted electricity beginning including air current coevals and perceptual experiences about utilizations of sea countries with regard to weave energy coevals.

It besides concerned on more subjective affairs, such as fond regard with local topographic point, political action activities. Professionals working in the energy field were besides sent bill of exchanges of the study signifiers, and they provided suggestions on bettering the study. The inquiries were pre-tested on other graduate pupils and fulltime professionals working in the energy field.

Timess of the common set of inquiries ( Form B ) had a average value of 30 proceedingss without extended commenting and 40 proceedingss with commenting.

Survey processs

Methods of carry oning the study followed by the guidelines those are described in standard study mention books, such as ( Dillman 2000 ) , ( Dillman 1978 ) , ( Fink and others 1985 ) , ( Sapsford 1999 ) , ( Salant and Dillman 1994 ) , and ( Rea and Parker 1992 ) , every bit good as in recommended guidelines from a class on study research ( Sweet 2002 ) and on the Internet ( AAPOR 2002 ) and ( SESRC 2002 ) . These methods simplified the study without upseting the cardinal elements.

In add-on, the respondents who did non react really good at first clip, they are contacted twice by electronic mail. In most of the instances, the penchant given to e-mail, or where an e-mail reference were non available, they contacted by phone.


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Each respondent got a screen missive, study signifier and photo sheet. The study signifier is reproduced in the appendices.

The exposure sheet was made up of one exposure and two exposures simulations of offshore air current farms and was to give the respondents a sense of how seaward farms would look. It besides appears in the appendices.


Overall, 39 responses were received from the respondents. Most of the respondents were addressed by electronic mail and the bulk of them gave satisfactory responses. Although, some of them refused with alibis like deficiency of clip, deficient cognition, uncomfortableness with taking studies, and inability to gauge the position of the populace in their country. Apart from that, a telephonic interview was arranged for them who refuse during reminder call to promote giving any possible information.

Responses received were entered into Excel spreadsheets that I created for this intent. Descriptive statistics were built into the spreadsheets for closed-ended inquiries. For open-ended inquiries, replies were reviewed, and reply groups were derived for usage in rating. Responses to single inquiries follow, under each Form used.

Part B: Cognition on Thin Construction ( Please O to reply )

1. Please rate the following statement based on your degree of understanding

Construction needs to follow merchandise and client

focal point

1 2 3 4 5

Value of a building terminal merchandises is based on

clients ‘ demands

1 2 3 4 5

Construction procedure should include understanding

how value is built into the edifice merchandise from

client ‘s point of position

1 2 3 4 5

Construction life rhythm should get down from running

from construct through elaborate design and

technology to production launch

1 2 3 4 5

Construction jobs are caused by carelessness of

flows of information to the parties involved

1 2 3 4 5

Construction is better off allowing the client to draw

and merely make what the existent demands of the client

1 2 3 4 5

Continuous betterment is a manner to do

building merchandises a manner of life with an inherent


1 2 3 4 5

Harnessing the expertness and cognition of all

those involved in the building procedure can take

1 2 3 4 5

Most Disagree Disagree Neutral Agree Most Agree

1 2 3 4 5

Thin Concept

aˆ? A manner to make more and more with less and less – less human attempt, less equipment, less

clip and less infinite

aˆ? To acquire the right things to the right topographic point at the right clip, the first clip

aˆ? Balanced used of people, stuffs and resources

aˆ? “ It ‘s non about paring everything to the bone and squashing more out of what ‘s left ”


to a more efficient use of resources ( work force,

equipment and stuffs )

Resources does non contributed to better

public presentation is regarded as waste

1 2 3 4 5

Ocular review allows workers to forestall defects

and place the root cause of the job

1 2 3 4 5

Defects are hard to happen or observe before


1 2 3 4 5

Quality in building has been focused on


1 2 3 4 5

Part C: Potential Barriers in Implementation of Lean Construction ( Please O to reply )

What do you believe the possible barriers of execution of thin building? Please

rate the following factors based on the degree of frequence occurred.

Very infrequent Infrequent Neutral Frequent Very Frequent

1 2 3 4 5

1. Management

a. Lack of client and production focal point 1 2 3 4 5

B. Lack of developing 1 2 3 4 5

c. Fragmentation of profession 1 2 3 4 5

d. Absence of long term be aftering 1 2 3 4 5

e. Ineffective direction patterns

f. Others: _____________________________












2. Construction Phase

a. Quality assessment focal point on conformity 1 2 3 4 5

b. Fragmentation of supply concatenation 1 2 3 4 5

c. “ Wait and See ” attitude

d. Others: _____________________________











3. Design

a. Procurement method 1 2 3 4 5

B. Inaccurate design among profession ( Civil & A ; Structure,

Mechanical & A ; Electrical, Architectural )

1 2 3 4 5

c. “ Cut and Paste ” from old undertaking

d. Others: _____________________________