Annotated Bibliography for Single Mothers: A Cause of Crime

Over the last 30 old ages, research workers have been seeking to deduce a correlativity between individual parentage and young person offense and delinquency. There is small grounds that suggests whether factors like gender, race, household size, and even topographic point of abode status this relationship. Single parentage can originate in a figure of ways: separation, divorce, or merely single. Some research workers believe, male parents typically offer more economic stableness, a function theoretical account for male childs, greater family security, and aid cut down emphasis on female parents. Surveies besides suggest parents’ instruction, income, psychological wellbeing, and rearing emphasis causes elevated Numberss of jobs among their kids. Research workers conclude that because a single-parent has to work and supply for their kid or kids, they are unable to give proper attending and monitoring ; go forthing their kids with feelings of desiring to be accepted or a portion of something.

Burfeind, J. , & A ; Bartusch, D.J. ( 2011 ) .Juvenile delinquency: An incorporate attack.Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers

James Burfeind, a Professor of Sociology at The University of Montana, and Dawn Bartusch, a professor in Sociology and Criminology at Valparaiso University, supply an in-depth background on the relationship between individual parenting and juvenile delinquency. By supplying history on household kineticss and composing, parental employment, equal influence and delinquent behaviour, the writers are able to give a solid statement behind how household construction affects the upbringing of our young person. By comparing recent statistics with older informations, the writers can demo how the correlativity no longer exists ; although juvenile offense still does.

My appraisal: This book will be used to turn out how many factors are involved in juvenile delinquency. These factors provide a footing for challenging the direct correlativity between individual parenting and juvenile offense. Although it can be include within those factors, it is non the ground. The writers provide statistics traveling back to the 1980’s that can be compared with more recent information to farther exemplify their point. The varying factors and statistics will be used to supply factual support for my side of the statement.

Cohen, P. ( 2013 ) Single mas can’t be scapegoated for the slaying rate any longer.The Atlantic.Retrieved from

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In this article, Philip Cohen, professor of Sociology at the University of Maryland, states that he feels individual female parents deserve an apology for being accused of increasing offense rates throughout the late 1980’s and 1990’s. By utilizing recent statistical informations, he is able to demo that although individual parent families are increasing, violent offense rates are traveling down in comparing. Although much of the informations used is from the 1980’s and 1990’s, he incorporates other factors such as drug and sod wars, illegal guns, and increasing poorness. Cohen besides uses other research that refutes his ain thought to demo that even though the deficiency of two parents in the family does negatively impact kids, it does non do sense when you see the statistics.

My appraisal: This article is traveling to be used to demo the opposite relationship that exists between individual parent families and offense informations. It to the full supports my position that individual parent families aren’t the exclusive ground behind juvenile offense.

Ford, L. ( 2013 ) Contending fatherlessness in America.The Heritage Foundation.Retrieved from

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In this article, Leslie Ford, argues for the correlativity of an absent male parent and the increased opportunity of juvenile delinquency. Ford uses history of household composing from the 1960’s to show to back up his thesis. Her research shows that kids with unstable relationships with their male parents are more likely to be involved in delinquent behaviour. Ford develops her thesis by mentioning statistical surveies that show the nexus between fatherlessness and young person offense. She cites a quotation mark from President Obama, who was besides raised in a individual parent place, about the absence of his male parent in order to convert his audience how of import it is that male parents are involved with their kids.

My appraisal: This article provides statistical informations that I can compare to informations used in my statement. This article besides helps to supply the opposing point of view. I will utilize this article for statistical informations that is being used against informations that I will be utilizing to back up my statement.

Hymowitz, K. ( 2013 ) The existent complex connexion between single-parent households and offense.

TheAtlantic.Retrieved from

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In this article, Kay Hymowitz, a senior chap at the Manhattan Institute and lending editor to City Journal, refutes the statistics and decision of Philip Cohen’s article, “Single Moms Can’t Be Scapegoated for the Crime Rate Anymore.” Hymowitz states Cohen’s deficiency of knowled to a host of policy and cultural displacements during the 80’s and early 90’s causes his thesis to be nullified. She insists that the statistics that were used were manipulated to turn out his point, nevertheless the logic and facts behind it merely do non do sense. Hymowitz argues that the Bureau of Justice Statistics does non track the household backgrounds of inmates systematically and is hence undependable. Her thesis is supported by statistical informations demoing the direct correlativity between individual female parents and offense. She cites articles from several well-known criminologists in order to convert her readers individual parentage has higher odds of young person captivity than father-mother households.

My appraisal: This article will be used to supply an alternate point of view in my paper. Although I am unsure precisely how this will be used in my paper, it straight refutes another one of my beginnings and can be used to expect the statement against my point of view and my beginnings. It besides helps in supplying focal point to my position and how the opposing point of view can utilize the same information gathered to exemplify a different position.

Farrington, D. ( 2011 ) Crime and households. In Wilson, J.Q. , & A ; Petersilia, J. ,Crime and Public Policy.New York, NY: Oxford University Press

In this book, David Farrington, uses an analysis of several surveies to set up that broken places are comparatively weak forecasters in child delinquency. He focuses on other factors such as antisocial parents, socioeconomic position, gender and race that offer a better anticipation on the likeliness of juvenile delinquency. By utilizing a meta-analysis of surveies done on the topic, Farrington is able to supply an copiousness of support for my point of view. He provides statistics that overpoweringly back up the thought that it is non individual parents that provide a gateway to force, but household direction, most characterized by heat and support or deficiency thereof, that is systematically related to delinquency.

My appraisal: This book provides a strong support for my point of view and introduces factors that aren’t even considered in my other beginnings. This writer pulls together old ages of research and statistical informations, which I can integrate into my paper. Most of the research used consists of longitudinal surveies that focus on household hazard factors and can more accurately indicate out the true factors that lead to juvenile delinquency.