St. Augustine is a 4th century philosopher whose groundbreaking doctrine infused Christian philosophy with Neoplatonism. He is celebrated for being an inimitable Catholic theologist and for his agnostic parts to Western doctrine. He argues that sceptics have no footing for claiming to cognize that there is no cognition. In a cogent evidence for being similar to one subsequently made celebrated by Rene Descartes. Augustine says. “ [ Even ] If I am misguided. I am.

” He is the first Western philosopher to advance what has come to be called “the statement by analogy” against solipsism: there are organic structures external to mine that behave as I behave and that appear to be nourished as mine is nourished ; so. by analogy. I am justified in believing that these organic structures have a similar mental life to mine. Augustine believes ground to be a uniquely human cognitive capacity that comprehends deductive truths and logical necessity. Additionally. Augustine adopts a subjective position of clip and says that clip is nil in world but exists merely in the human mind’s apprehensiveness of world.

He believes that clip is non infinite because God “created” it. Augustine tries to accommodate his beliefs about freewill. particularly the belief that worlds are morally responsible for their actions. with his belief that one’s life is predestined. Though ab initio optimistic about the ability of worlds to act morally. at the terminal he is pessimistic. and thinks that original wickedness makes human moral behaviour about impossible: if it were non for the rare visual aspect of an inadvertent and undeserved Grace of God. worlds could non be moral.

Augustine’s theological treatment of freewill is relevant to a non-religious treatment regardless of the religious-specific linguistic communication he uses ; one can exchange Augustine’s “omnipotent being” and “original sin” account of predestination for the present twenty-four hours “biology” account of predestination ; the latter inclination is evident in modern mottos such as “biology is destiny. ”