However, on class to a developed state and accomplishing the proviso, the growing in building sector has bit by bit do the influx of immigrant particularly foreign workers from different states such as Indonesia, Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam and Bangladesh. It is a fact that Malaysia has been, and ever be, a major finish state for migrator ‘s worker ( Amarjit Kaur, 2006a ) . There are about 70 per cent of migratory workers in building industry ( Malayan Trade Union, 1991 ) . As of December 2008, there were 2.06 million foreign workers, which Malaysia relies to a great extent on them to assist out in the building and plantation sectors ( Economic Report 2004/2005 ) . This reflects that foreign workers non merely assist in easing the job of local workers scarceness in building sector but besides help maintaining the labor cost comparatively low.
The deficit of workers in the building sector has been a national concern in position of the increasing figure of undertakings that the authorities is shiping on for the tenth Malaysia Plan and the New Economic Model ( Dato Sri Ar Hj. Esa Hj. Mohamed, 21 July 2010 ) . The building roar led to unprecedented inflow of foreign workers who were needed to transport out the legion undertakings on building sites. But these foreign workers came with small or no accomplishments in building work, ensuing in many undertakings enduring from hapless craft and defects ( Rehda Bulletin, September 2006 ) . It has often been reported in the local media about the rampant bad craft in building ( Dato Sri Ar Hj. Esa Hj. Mohamed, 21 July 2010 ) . At the clip of industry imported unskilled foreign workers to make full up the vacancies on building site, it has besides imported bad work ethnics and craft.
Recently, Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak called on the state to switch to a high income economic system by following an attack based on “ Innovation, creativeness and high value-added enterprise ” . This attack has the map to bring forth more employment chances among local workers. Besides that, the quality and competence of Malaysia work force will be increased when employers shift into engineering driven industries and higher value added economics activities. The trust on foreign workers besides will be cut downing significantly. It has been a changeless issue when the industry receives ailments about cheapjack craft in the reinforced environment. News on edifices collapsed or H2O armored combat vehicle falling through ceiling reinforce the demand for building industry to earnestly turn to the issue of quality ( Rehda Bulletin, September 2006 ) . The engagement of foreign workers is necessary for Malaysia economic system while besides being a menace for building industry in bringing quality edifice.
The root cause of hapless quality in the building can be avoided if equal preparation and supervising is given. There is direct relation between quality of edifice and accomplishments of workers ( New Strait Times, 2007 ) . In order to hold successful executing in one building undertaking, undertaking direction and effectual planning with the cooperation from all parties involved are critical. The building works involve assorted parties and doubtless, foreign worker make up largely as general workers in building industry. Increasing figure of Bangladesh was observed in fabrication, agribusiness services and building sectors ( National Symposium on Foreign Workers Policy, Oct 20-22, 2008 ) . Harmonizing to Datuk Roslan Awang Chik, caputs of Malay Contractors Association, though the foreign worker is important in make fulling the spread, they are non really committed and non understand the system here. The authorities has put frontward a program to cut down dependence on foreign workers from 2.2 million to 1.5 million by 2015 ( The Home Ministry ‘s senior deputy secretary-general Raja Azahar Raja Abdul Manap ) . Construction industry is one of the industry will be affected and it has to accommodate to a new environment which see decrease of trust on foreign labor. A more comprehensive planning should be put up to get the better of the challenges nevertheless.
This survey attempts to happen out the grounds why local building company and developer willing to enroll foreign worker. In add-on, the survey will be focus on the effects towards on quality of craft due to employment of foreign workers. Solutions will besides be found out and suggestion will be given to minimise the above job.
1.2 PROBLEM STATEMENT
From 1970ss to early of 1880ss, about 70 per cent of the foreign workers can be found in building sector because the state was sing a building roar ( Ghosh, 1998 ) . High demand for building activities has attracted a immense figure of foreign workers into this state to take up employment on site as unskilled labor. Foreign workers have been paid by the industry for making manual occupations on site.
From the statistics shown by Immigration Department of Malaysia, the tendency of foreign workers in Malaysia continued addition from 2001 to 2007. In the twelvemonth of 2007, there are more than 2 million of foreign workers which is 9.4 per cent addition compared to the old twelvemonth. The lowest figure of foreign laborers was recorded in 2001 that is 850 1000 workers. However the figure had increase drastically by 25.6 per cent to 1.07 million in 2002. Mentioning to Mdm Azizah binti Arifin, Ministry of Human Resource, “ there is a strong growing in foreign work force of Malaysia from 1997-2008. As of March 2008, there were 2.2 million registered foreign workers in Malaysia. They comprise 18 per cent of state entire labour force, of which 36 per cent are in fabrication, 16 per cent in plantation, and about 15 per cent in building and domestic work ” .
Figure 1.1 Number of foreign workers in Malaysia on 2001-2007
( Beginning: Department of Immigration Malaysia )
Sing on the statistics, it shows the rapid addition of foreign work force in Malaysia. A batch of side effects have been brought by this scenario including lower overall economic productiveness, supplanting of local workers, depressed rewards, assorted societal and safety concerns ( National Symposium on Foreign Workers Policy, Oct 20-22, 2008 ) . With the labour beginning from Labour Unions and the Malayan Trade Union Congress, MTUC, there is no deficit of local workers. The job here is why the figure of foreign workers is still go oning increase? What the chief grounds of building industry to enroll foreign workers as one of the employees on site?
In most of the industrialised and developed states, the building industry has ever encountered serious deficit of building work force, aging work force and fewer younger coevalss come ining the building field ( Yates 1993 ; Gaylor 1997 ) . The deficit of building workers is mostly rooted from such well-known causes as hapless image, ill-defined calling way, deficiency of preparation and instruction, worsening rewards, hapless work environment ( Seung H. Han: Sang H. Park, Eui J. Jin: Hyoungkwan Kim: Yeon K. Seong, 2008 ) . To overstate the state of affairs, local immature coevalss prefer to look for easier occupation with same sum of rewards and they refuse to fall in the industry because of bad perceptual experiences towards occupation in building industry. All of the causes above may be one of the grounds for labour deficit in building industry. Whether the reluctant of local people to affect in building industry have contributed to the influx of foreign workers? What are the other factors that cause the influx of foreign workers to Malaysia?
A study from the Department of Immigration Malaysia from 2003 to 2006 represents the per centum of foreign workers to entire building work force. In 2003, the entire figure of building work force is 456,061 where the per centum foreign workers are 51per cent in 2003. Entire building work force is the accumulative figure of local workers and foreign workers in building industry. In the undermentioned twelvemonth 2004, the per centum of foreign workers lessenings about 2 % that is 49 per cent with entire work force of 537,978. After that, foreign workers per centums represent a comparative moderate per centum that is 44 per cent of entire work force in building industry at twelvemonth 2006. Even though there is a somewhat bead in the per centum, it is still considered high which stand about 40 per cent to number labour force in building industry.
This statistic shows that building industry in Malaysia was to a great extent dependance on foreign workers. The building industry is operated and growing with the part of foreign workers. Without the engagement of local skilled building workers, building industry can merely go on trust on foreign workers who are capable to the vagaries of policy alterations and hapless in accomplishment. Construction industry dependence on foreign workers has non change for decennaries. This sector faces a major challenge as local workers are non interested to replace the foreign workers and had shied off from working in building sectors because building occupation consist of 3D- unsafe, hard and soiled ( CIDB Newsletter, December 2001 ) . Subsequently, the inquiry here is the does the engagement of foreign workers in building industry influence the quality of edifice? Is the accomplishment possess by foreign workers can be regarded as cheapjack craft? If yes, what are the effects that bring by foreign workers to the facet of quality of craft in building industry?
At last, the result of this survey will ensue in variable impacts that bring to building industry due to the quality of craft done by foreign workers. The result will demo on the accomplishment that possess by foreign workers and sorts of preparation should be given to heighten the foreign workers workmanship. Besides that, the solutions can be undertaken by building industry to keep and upgrade the quality of edifice will besides be found. At the same clip ways to minimise the consequence that bring by dissatisfaction craft of foreign workers will be obtain for future betterment.