In the last decennary, Slovakia has experienced good economic times with a consistent economic growing of about 8-10 per centum ( hypertext transfer protocol: //ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/een/010/article_6947_en.htm ) . However, harmonizing to Commission Spring 2008, diminution in growing was predicted. Although, 2010 anticipation claims that political and economic stableness is supposed to hold one of the highest growing within the EU ( Sario ) . When Slovakia became independent from the former Czechoslovakia in 1993, reforms implemented by the cabinet simply focused on “ low labour cost, low revenue enhancements, and political stableness ” , which could do the state one of the most attractive in the part ( Heritage ) .
Slovakia is besides a immense base for automotive and electronic industry which gives the economic system a comparative advantage ( hypertext transfer protocol: //ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/een/010/article_6947_en.htm ) .
Important factor to see is the state ‘s fight in revenue enhancements, which had been unified to level revenue enhancement rate of 19 per centum, both income and corporate revenue enhancement ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.sario.sk/userfiles/file/Ensario/PZI/why/why_invest_in_slovakia_2010.pdf ) . It means that there is equal revenue enhancement for all types of income groups. Besides, there is 0 percent dividend revenue enhancement ( Sario ) . There is non such complex revenue enhancement construction in comparing to other states, particularly developed economic systems like Japan. Such unification creates favourable environment for foreign every bit good as domestic investors, which gives Slovakia an border over other developing states. The major drivers of the state ‘s economic system had been the immense scope of industries which have stabilized a batch of factors in hard times. For illustration, there is a higher employment rate in the automotive industry.
Besides, the Slovak authorities has been publicizing “ main road building, coercing public-service corporations to control monetary values, supplying loans for little and moderate-sized concerns, and harmonizing domestic providers discriminatory intervention ” ( Heritage ) . After fall ining the EU, in 2004, banking and funding sectors went through a immense recovery that culminated into denationalization with 97 per centum of foreign ownership ( Sario ) . Slovakia adopted the euro currency on January 1, 2009, which strengthened the state ‘s place particularly within the European part ( Heritage ) . The trade between states utilizing the euro currency becomes easier and well-functioning.
Another of import factor to see is the state ‘s substructure, which has been turning bit by bit ( Sario ) . However, the state ‘s main roads are still is developing procedure, the chief paths have been accomplished by the terminal of August, 2010.
Furthermore, it is of import to advert that the transparence of regulative and legal models has strengthened ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.heritage.org/index/country/Slovakia ) . In respects to FDI, it has been more popular late. Financial sector has changed quickly since securities and insurance companies have developed. This sector is “ by and large strong and has weathered the planetary fiscal convulsion comparatively good ” ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.heritage.org/index/country/Slovakia ) . Furthermore, there are about no restrictions sing capital minutess ( Heritage ) . To purchase land for concern usage is available even for Non-European occupants every bit good as for OECD member states.
Basically, get downing, runing or shuting a concern in Slovakia can be considered to be rather good protected ( Heritage ) . When get downing a concern in Slovakia it normally takes 16 yearss, which is a better figure in comparing with the universe norm that consists of 35 yearss ( Heritage ) .
Economic Freedom vs. World Average
Bar Graph of Slovakia Economic Freedom Scores
When comparing Slovakia with a developed state, we have chosen Japan, because the concern environment is really similar. Japan ‘s major fabrication sectors besides rely on electronic and automotive industries ( JAMA, 2010 ) . Japan, as being the second-largest economic system in the universe ( Reid, 2007 ) , wholly differentiates in its revenue enhancement system when comparing to Slovakia. Nipponese income is counted in footings of hierarchal procedure, while the highest income revenue enhancement rate can be about 50 per centum including local revenue enhancements. In other words, this economical environment in Japan depreciates foreigner investors by net income barrier ; otherwise, the governmental policies are going less regulated and besides back up foreign houses with new merchandises every bit good as a new manner of making concern ( Haghirian, Sinkovics and Bamiatzi, 2008 ) . In this instance, even though their per centum of overall revenue enhancement gross in GDP are both less than 30 per centum as being the developed state, Japan has about 37 times of GDP than Slovakia. Therefore, the growing of Nipponese index diminutions with 0.7 per centum in 2009, comparing with Slovakia remaining in the far converse way by 6.4 percent addition at the same period. What is worse, the revival of Nipponese scheme can non accomplish the recessional fortunes and besides emerging the deflationary crisis in 2009. These phenomenons badly affect the private sector, particularly the addition of debt about of 180 per centum in this section ( The Heritage Foundation, 2010 ) .
The tendency refering the handling of FDI seems to be different in the states within the European Union ( EU ) . Slovakia at the beginning of the decennary did non offer any particular inducements or attending to the FDIs while towards the terminal of the decennary the authorities started offering the same as the other states in the EU were offering generous inducement bundles ( Regulatory model ) . There are certain incentive strategies which are non compatible with WTO ordinances like prejudiced freedoms from the imposts responsibility on imported machinery in Slovakia. The authorities has abolished the import responsibilities on high tech machinery and equipments. The state does non allow rule inducements to both domestic and foreign investors ( National Treatment ) . Though, the effectual revenue enhancement rate of companies with foreign engagement is much lower in the state because of revenue enhancement vacations and revenue enhancement decreases, which are enforced. Depending on the size of the undertaking the period of revenue enhancement decrease and/or revenue enhancement vacations is granted.
hypertext transfer protocol: //doingbusiness.org/~/media/fpdkm/doing % 20business/documents/profiles/country/db11/svk.pdf